Professor Francis O'Gorman

Professor of Victorian Literature

+44(0) 113 343 4798 (email preferred). House 5 Rm 3 first floor.

Summary: 19thc literature and culture; John Ruskin; A.C. Swinburne; conceptions of literary 'life'; Modernism; Venice; mental health and writing/reading; textual editing; poetry of all periods.

Location: 5 Cavendish Road

Professor Francis O'Gorman MA, DPhil (Oxford), FRHistS

Research Interests

My principal research and teaching interests are in English literature including John Ruskin and Algernon Charles Swinburne; nineteenth and twentieth-century poetry; conceptions of literary 'life'; Venice; textual editing; biography; manuscripts; poetry of all periods.

Recent books are:

1. My edited collection of essays, The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Culture, was published in 2010.

2. Anthony Trollope's novel The Duke's Children, co-edited with Katherine Mullin for Oxford University Press,  published in August 2011.  

3. My edition of John Ruskin's Praeterita for Oxford University Press, published in May 2012 and decribed by the Times Literary Supplement as 'exemplary'.

4. My edition of Margaret Oliphant's The Makers of Venice for Pickering & Chatto, puiblished in June 2012.

5. My edition of Elizabeth Gaskell's Sylvia's Lovers (Oxford University Press, September 2013). The surviving manuscript of this novel is in Special Collections, Brotherton Library.

My other books are John Ruskin (1999); Late Ruskin: New Contexts (2001); Ruskin and Gender (edited with Dinah Birch, 2002); Blackwell's Critical Guide to the Victorian Novel (2002); The Victorians and the Eighteenth Century: Reassessing the Tradition (edited with Katherine Turner, 2004); Victorian Poetry: An Annotated Anthology (2004); Blackwell Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel (2005); Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Hound of the Baskervilles (edited, 2006); Victorian Literature and Finance (edited, 2007), and more than 70 articles, chapters, and scholarly notes on literature from 1780 to the present day.

My current projects are:

1. A substantial new edition of the selected plays, prose, poetry, and fiction of Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909), for Oxford University Press (due for delivery in 2014), General Editor: Seamus Perry;

2. A substantial new edition, edited with Katherine Mullin, of Anthony Trollope's Framley Parsonage for Oxford University Press;

3. The Cambridge Companion to John Ruskin, edited by Francis O'Gorman (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015);

4. Volume 5 of the Oxford University Press Collected Prose of Edward Thomas (General Editors Guy Cuthbertson and Lucy Newlyn), which includes his literary critical studies Algernon Charles Swinburne: A Critical Study (1912) and Walter Pater: A Critical Study (1913);

5. I currently am the PI on an AHRC-funded research network entitled Victorian Lives and Letters Consortium, which is leading the development of digital curation and editing in 19thc literary and historical studies. The Co-I is Dr Marion Thain, New York University/University of Sheffield. This will culminate in an international colloquium on digital curation in June 2014. The current activity of the VLLC--which is wider than this single grant--is centred on the the diary journals of John Ruskin, funded by the Universities of Leeds and Lancaster. The VLLC more broadly defined involves colleagues from St Joseph's University Philadelphia, Western Carolina University, Center for Digital Humanities University of South Carolina, University of Sheffield, the British Library, the Ruskin Library University of Lancaster, as well as other major international collaborators.

Other recent information includes:

In the summer of 2013 I was an elected Visiting Scholar of St John's College Oxford, working on my Swinburne edition.

I am currently (2013-15) an external examiner for the University of Cambridge (English BA, Tripos Part II). I have recently served as external examiner for the University of Oxford (BA) and the University of York (MA) as well, prior to that, at the Universities of Hull (BA) and Lancaster (MA).

Recently, I have externally examined doctoral theses in the Universities of Oxford, Birmingham, St Andrews, Lancaster, Cambridge, Queen Mary London, King's College London, Reading, and Edith Cowan University Western Australia.

I have written widely on the defence of the arts and humanities in the modern university and am a regular lecturer, reviewer, and plenary speaker on both nineteenth-century literature and the condition of the modern university. 

I was an advisory editor (for Victorian poetry) for The Oxford Companion to English Literature, edited by Dinah Birch (2009) and am a Companion of the Guild of St George (the organization that Ruskin set up in the mid-1870s and which still exists for educational purposes).  I am a Visiting Professor at the Ruskin Centre of the University of Lancaster and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.  I currently serve on the editorial boards of the Journal of Victorian Culture , Worldviews, Carlyle Studies Annual, and the Ruskin Review and Bulletin and read proposals and mss for a wide variety of presses and periodicals in Europe and US.

Teaching 2014-15

I am on academic research leave during this period.


I was Tutor for Undergraduate Admissions in the School of English, 2000-2; Director of Learning and Teaching in the School of English, 2003-5; Director of the Leeds Humanities Research Institute, 2006-7; Head of the School of English, 1 June 2007-31 July 2011.

Postgraduate Research

I have supervised and externally examined widely. Recent PhD students working with me at Leeds have written or are writing on topics including the novels of Mary Webb; bio-fiction about the Brontës between the two world wars; Ernest Jones and Chartist Poetry; Jerome K. Jerome and the work of parody; 'mysticism' in Victorian poetry.

PUBLICATIONS (a complete list may be supplied on request)


1. John Ruskin (Stroud: Sutton 1999), ISBN 0750921420, pp.xiii, 114

2. Late Ruskin: New Contexts, The Nineteenth-Century Series ( Aldershot and Burlington VT : Ashgate, 2001) ISBN 184014629X, pp.xii, 180

3. Ruskin and Gender edited with an introduction by Dinah Birch and Francis O'Gorman (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002) with essays by Dinah Birch, Joseph Bristow, J. B. Bullen, Emily Eells, Francis O'Gorman, Linda Peterson, Catherine Robson, Lindsay Smith, and Sharon Aronofsky Weltman. ISBN 0333968972, pp.xiii, 211

 4. Blackwell's Critical Guide to the Victorian Novel ( Oxford : Blackwell, 2002, reprinted 2003) ISBN 0631227032/0631227040 (hbk/pbk), pp. xix, 344 (including 80,000 words of my own text)

5. The Victorians and the Eighteenth Century: Reassessing the Tradition, edited with an introduction by Francis O'Gorman and Katherine Turner (Aldershot and Burlington VT: Ashgate, 2004) with essays by David Amigoni, Dinah Birch , Simon Dentith, Hilary Fraser, Nick Groom, Elisabeth Jay, Lynda Mugglestone, Francis O'Gorman, Helen Small , Katherine Turner, Carolyn Williams, and with a preface by David Fairer. Pp. xvi, 268; 6 illus. ISBN: 0754607186

 6. Victorian Poetry: An Annotated Anthology ( Oxford : Blackwell, 2004), lix, 739pp, 12 illus. ISBN: 0631234357

7. Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel, ed. Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004 ['2005' on title page], reprinted 2005, published as an e-book February 2007) in the Contexts of Literature and Theory series with essays by Kate Flint, James Eli Adams, Angelique Richardson , Cannon Schmitt, Nicholas Dames, Francis O'Gorman, Clare Pettitt, Richard Salmon , John Rignall, Michael Wheeler, Carolyn Dever, and Mark Turner ISBN: 1405103205

8. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Hound of the Baskervilles with 'The Adventure of the Speckled Band', ed. Francis O'Gorman ( Ontario : Broadview, 2006), 300 pp, illus, ISBN 1551117223.

9. Victorian Literature and Finance, ed. with an Introduction by Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, ISBN-10: 0-19-928192-0/ISBN-13: 978-0-19-928192-3)-essays by Gordon Bigelow, Alison Chapman, Josephine Guy, Nancy Henry, Tara McGann, Jane Moody, Francis O'Gorman, Catherine Seville, and Nicholas Shrimpton. 

10. The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Culture, ed. Francis O'Gorman (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) with essays by Elizabeth Prettejohn, Ruth A. Solie, Katherine Newey, Matthew Rubery, Nicola Humble, Anna Maria Jones, Nicholas Daly, Bernard V. Lightman, Timothy Alborn, Edward S. Spiers, Dennis Denisoff, John Strachan, Francis O'Gorman, and Samantha Matthews with an introduction by Francis O'Gorman-ISBN 978-0-521-88699-4/978-0-521-71506-5; xv, 1-309pp, illus.

11. Anthony Trollope, The Duke's Children, edited with an Introduction and Notes by Katherine Mullin and Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)-part of a new complete edition of the Palliser novels.  Our 'Biographical Preface' and 'Chronology' is used in all the new Pallisers.

12.  John Ruskin, Praeterita, ed. by Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).

13. Margaret Oliphant's The Makers of Venice: Doges, Conquerors and Men of Letters (1887) complete text for volume 8, set 2, of The Selected Works of Margaret Oliphant, General Editors Elisabeth Jay and Joanne Shattock (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2012)

14. Elizabeth Gaskell, Sylvia's Lovers, text edited by Andrew Sanders, with an Introduction and Notes by Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

15. Oxford Twenty-first Century Authors: Algernon Charles Swinburne, ed. Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2015)

16. Anthony Trollope, Framley Parsonage, edited with an Introduction and Notes by Katherine Mullin and Francis O'Gorman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2014)-part of a new complete edition of the Barchester novels.  Our 'Biographical Preface' and 'Chronology' is used in all the new texts.

17. The Cambridge Companion to John Ruskin, edited by Francis O'Gorman (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)


Women's Writing: Margaret Oliphant Special Edition, 6.2 (1999), ed. by Elisabeth Jay and Francis O'Gorman with essays by Penny Fielding, Ann Heilmann, Elisabeth Jay, Shirley Jones, Linda Peterson, Clare Pettitt, Valerie Sanders, and Sandra Spencer.

Worldviews: Environment, Religion, Culture. Special Edition: Writing, Landscape and Community, 5.1 (April 2001) ed. by Francis O'Gorman, with essays by Clare Morgan, Francis O'Gorman, Shaun Richards, Marion Thain, and John Whale.


 '"The Eagle and the Whale"? John Ruskin's Argument with John Tyndall' in Michael Wheeler, ed., Time and Tide: Ruskin Studies - Ruskin and Science (London: Pilkington, 1996), 45-64.

'Ruskin's Science of the 1870s: Science, Education, and the Nation' in Dinah Birch, ed., Ruskin and the Dawn of the Modern (Oxford: Clarendon, 1999), 35-55.

'Memoirs of a Fox Hunting, Stag Hunting, Otter Hunting, Wild Fowl Hunting ... Man: Masculinity and the Subjectivity of the Victorian Hunter' in Martin Hewitt, ed., Representing Victorian Lives (Leeds Working Papers in Victorian Studies, vol. 2, 1999), 27-38 (volume of conference papers).  

'"More interesting than all the books, save one": Charles Kingsley's Construction of Natural History' in Juliet John and Alice Jenkins, eds, Rethinking Victorian Culture (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999), 147-161.

'The Mightiest Evangel of the Alpine Club: Masculinity and Agnosticism in the Alpine Writing of John Tyndall' in Sean Gill, Andrew Bradstock, Anne Hogan, and Sue Morgan, eds, Masculinity, Spirituality and Victorian Culture ( Basingstoke : Macmillan, 2000), 141-160.  

'Ruskin and the Pre-Raphaelite Imagination in the 1870s: Art, Politics and the Female Body' in Robert Hewison, ed., Ruskin's Artists: Studies in the Victorian Visual Economy ( Aldershot and Burlington VT : Ashgate, 2000), 185-203.  

(= with Dinah Birch), 'Introduction' to Dinah Birch and Francis O'Gorman, eds, Ruskin and Gender ( Basingstoke : Palgrave, 2002), 1-9.  

'Manliness and the History of Ruskin in Love: Writing Ruskin's Masculinity from W.G. Collingwood to Kate Millett' in Dinah Birch and Francis O'Gorman, eds, Ruskin and Gender ( Basingstoke : Palgrave, 2002), 10-28.  

(= with Clare Palmer), 'Animals, Power, and Ethics: The Case of Fox Hunting' in Andrew Light and Avner de-Shalit, eds, Moral and Political Reasoning in Environmental Practice ( Massachusetts : MIT, 2002), 281-94.  

'Ruskin, and Writing History from Home' in John Ruskin: Werk und Wirkung, ed. Werner Oechslin (gta Verlag, Zürich and Gebr. Mann Verlag, Berlin, 2003), 131-46.  

'"Amiable but determined autocracy": Margaret Oliphant, Venice , and the Inheritance of Ruskin' in Alison Chapman and Jane Stabler, eds, Unfolding the South: Nineteenth-Century British Women Writers and Artists in Italy ( Manchester : Manchester University Press, 2003), 183-200.  

'"The clue of Shakespearian power over me": Ruskin, Shakespeare, and Influence' in Gail Marshall and Adrian Poole, eds, Victorian Shakespeare: Literature and Culture ( Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), 203-18.  

(=with Katherine Turner), 'Introduction' to Francis O'Gorman and Katherine Turner, eds, The Victorians and the Eighteenth Century: Reassessing the Tradition ( Aldershot and Burlington VT : Ashgate, 2004), 1-13.

'The "high priest of an age of prose and reason"? Alexander Pope and the Victorians' in Francis O'Gorman and Katherine Turner, eds, The Victorians and the Eighteenth Century: Reassessing the Tradition ( Aldershot and Burlington VT : Ashgate, 2004), 76-97.  

'Romance and Victorian Autobiography: Margaret Oliphant, Edmund Gosse and John Ruskin's "needle to the north"' in Blackwell's Companion to Romance, ed. Corinne Saunders ( Oxford : Blackwell, 2004), 360-74.  

'Chronology' and 'Introduction' to Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel, ed. Francis O'Gorman ( Oxford : Blackwell, 2005 [published 2004]), Contexts of Literature and Theory series, xiv-xxiii; 1-3.  

'"A long deep sob of that mysterious wondrous happiness that is one with pain": Emotion in Victorian Fiction' in Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel, ed. Francis O'Gorman ( Oxford : Blackwell, 2005 [published 2004]), Contexts of Literature and Theory series, 253-70. 

'Introduction' and 'Speculative Fictions and the Fortunes of H. Rider Haggard' in Francis O'Gorman, ed., Victorian Literature and Finance ( Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2007), 1-16, 157-72. 

'Ruskin's Mountain Gloom' in Keith Hanley and Rachel Dickinson, eds, Ruskin and the Struggle for Coherence ( Cambridge : Cambridge Scholars Press, 2007), 123-50. 

'Victorian Literature and Bringing the Body Back from the Dead' in Ulrike Maude, Jane Macnaughton, and Corinne Saunders, eds., The Body and the Arts (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), pp.102-15. 

'Salley Vickers, Venice, and the Victorians' in Patricia Pulham and Rosario Arias, eds, Haunting and Spectrality in Neo-Victorian Fiction: Repossessing the Past (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp.3-22.  

'The Dead' in Francis O'Gorman, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp.255-72.  

'Later Victorian Voices 2: Davidson, Kipling, Michael Field, Kendall, Lee-Hamilton, Webster' in Michael O'Neill, ed., The Cambridge History of English Poetry (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp.706-24. 

'Financial Markets and the Banking System' in Dickens in Context, ed. by Sally Ledger and Holly Furneaux (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), pp.276-83. 

'The Rural Scene: Victorian Literature and the Natural World' in Kate Flint, ed., The New Cambridge History of English Literature: The Victorian Period (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp.532-49.

'Romance and Realism' in Robert L. Caserio and Clement Hawes, eds., The Cambridge History of the English Novel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp.485-99.

'Did Ruskin Support the Pre-Raphaelites?' in Keith Hanley and Brian Maidment, eds., Persistent Ruskin Studies in Influence, Assimilation and Effect (Burlington VT and Aldershot: Ashgate, 2013), pp.81-92. 

'Hardy and Realism' in Philip Mallett, ed., Thomas Hardy in Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), pp.113-21.

‘On Not Hearing: Victorian Poetry and Music’ in Matthew Bevis, ed., The Oxford Handbook to Victorian Poetry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), 745-61.


‘Edmund Gosse’s Father and Son, Modernism, and a History of Nerves’ in Maria DiBattista and Emily Wittman, eds, Modernism and Autobiography (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013)—at press.

‘Periodization’ in Emma Mason, Jonathan Herapath, and Erin Lafford, eds., Nineteenth-Century Poetry: Criticism and Debates (London: Routledge, 2015)—awaiting proofs.

‘Nineteenth-century Poetry and Music’ in Delia da Sousa Correa, ed., The Edinburgh Companion to Literature and Music (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014).

‘Keats’ Critical Reception, 1821-1900’ in Michael O’Neill, ed., John Keats in Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).


'A Blakean Allusion in Ruskin's Fors Clavigera', Notes & Queries, 42 (1995): 175-6.  

'Sage and City: John Ruskin and Manchester ', Manchester Memoirs: The Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 135 (1996): 55-70.  

'Ruskin's Fors Clavigera of October 1873: An Unpublished Letter from Carlyle to Tyndall', Notes & Queries, 43 (1996): 430-2.  

'A Source for "The Bailey Beareth the Bell Away"', Notes & Queries, 44 (1997): 242.  

'John Tyndall as Poet: Agnosticism and "A Morning on Alp Lusgen"', The Review of English Studies, 48 (1997): 353-8.  

'Ruskin and the Aclands: Further Letters', Bodleian Library Record, 16 (1997): 181-8.  

'Some Ruskin Annotations of Tyndall', Notes & Queries, 44 (1997): 348-9.  

'Ruskin, Wilde, and Lillie Langtry', Notes & Queries, 44 (1997): 349-50.  

'Ruskin v. Whistler: A Further Manuscript, Notes & Queries, 44 (1997): 346.  

'Ruskin, Faunthorpe and the Index to Fors Clavigera', English Language Notes, 35 (1998): 52-8.  

'Browning's "Inapprehensiveness"', The English Review, 8 (1998): 37-9.  

'Browning's Manuscript Revisions to Michael Field's Long Ago (1889)', Browning Society Notes, 25 (1998): 38-44.  

'Victorian Natural History and the Discourses of Nature in Charles Kingsley's Glaucus', Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion, 2 (1998): 21-35.  

' Milton 's Paradise Lost 10.937', The Explicator, 57 (1998): 23-4.  

'Ruskin and Walter Lucas Brown: Two New Letters', Notes & Queries, 46 (1999): 57-60.  

'Ruskin's Art of England, Dante, and Aeschylus', Notes & Queries, 46 (1999): 479-80.  

'"Suppose it were your own father of whom you spoke": Ruskin's Unto this Last (1860)', The Review of English Studies, 51 (2000): 230-47.  

'Knights of Passion: Tennyson and Adultery', The English Review, 10 (2000): 34-7.  

'Frost's "Never again would birds' song be the same"', The Explicator, 58 (2000): 94-5.  

'Ruskin and Particularity: Fors Clavigera and the 1870s', Philological Quarterly, 79 (2000): 119-36.  

'"Accept things as they are": Reading the Agnostic Poetry of Henrietta Huxley', Modern Believing, 42 (2001): 39-48.  

'Reading Asolando: The Reception of Browning's Last Work', Browning Society Notes, 28 (2001): 12-22.  

'"I am often thinking of you": Ruskin, Brantwood, and Kate Raven', Notes & Queries, 48 (2001): 145-9.  

'Introduction', Worldviews: Environment, Religion, Culture. Special Edition: Writing, Landscape, and Community, 5 (2001): 1-4.  

'Ruskin's Memorial Landscapes', Worldviews: Environment, Religion, Culture. Special Edition: Writing, Landscape, and Community, 5 (2001): 20-34.  

'An Unnoticed Version of A. H. Clough's "'Χρυσέα κλης έπι γλώσσα"', Notes & Queries, 49 (2002): 68-9.  

'George Eliot's Middlemarch', The Explicator, 60.3 (2002): 137-8.  

'Ruskin, Vernon Lee, and the Cultural Possession of Italy ', Journal of Anglo-Italian Studies, 7 (2002): 81-107.  

'The Politics of Love in Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Sonnets from the Portuguese', The English Review, 13 (2003): 28-30.  

'"To see the finger of God in the dimensions of the pyramid": A New Context for Ruskin's The Ethics of the Dust (1866)', Modern Language Review, 98.3 (2003): 563-73.  

'Matthew Arnold's "Rugby Chapel" and Thomas Arnold's Travel Journals', English Language Notes, 40 (2003): 61-73.  

'"Death lies dead:" The Allusive Texture of Swinburne's "A Forsaken Garden"', Victorian Poetry, 41 (2003): 348-52. 

(with Katherine Turner) 'Crossing hands across the gulf: The Victorians and the Eighteenth Century' Blackwell Compass: Literature, 1 (2004) available on 

'Tennyson's "In Memoriam" and tangle', ANQ: American Notes & Queries, 17.2 (2004): 41-2.  

'Ruskin's Aesthetic of Failure in The Stones of Venice', The Review of English Studies, 55 (2004): 374-91.  

'Dickens's Reading of Ruskin', Notes & Queries, 51 (2004): 160.  

'Swinburne's Returns: The Endurance of Writing in Poems and Ballads, Second Series (1878)', The Cambridge Quarterly, 33 (2004): 197-216.  

'"Blush, sad soul, what harmonies are these!" The Organ in Nineteenth-century English Literature', Yearbook of the Royal College of Organists (2003-2004): 66-73. [Originally delivered as the Royal College of Organists' Annual Lecture at the Oundle International Festival, July 2003].

'Tennyson's "The Lotos-Eaters" and the Politics of the 1830s', Victorian Review, 30.1 (2004): 1-20.  

'Ruskin, Venice , and the Endurance of Authorship', Nineteenth Century Studies, 19 (2005): 83-97. 

'Partly autonomous? Literary-historical Reflections on Richard Price, British Society, 1680-1880', Journal of Victorian Culture, 11.1 (2006): 160-7. 

'"Fabulous and illusive": Giorgione and Henry James's The Aspern Papers (1888)', The Henry James Review, 27.2. (2006): 175-87. 

'Clough's Difficulties', Yearbook of English Studies, 36.2 (2006): 128-41. (Reprinted in Poetry Criticism (Cengage Learning, 2009)).  

'Oscar Wilde and Pope', Notes & Queries, 53 (2006): 341-2.  

'Dickens and Yeats's "The Municipal Gallery Revisited"', Notes & Queries, 53 (2006): 355-6.  

'Michael Field and Sapphic Fame: "My dark-leaved laurels will endure"', Victorian Literature and Culture, 34 (2006): 649-61. 

'Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes, and the Victorian Media', Linguae&: Revista id lingue e culture moderne: Sherlock Holmes e il iallo inglese (2006): 53-60. 

'Robert Browning's Men and Women (1855) and the Idea of Posterity', Studies in Browning and His Circle, 27 (2006): 75-90.

'Browning, Grief, and the Strangeness of Dramatic Poetry', The Cambridge Quarterly, 36.2 (2007): 155-73.

'Where next in Victorian Literary Studies?', four refereed essays by David Amigoni , John Bowen , Valerie Sanders, and Joanne Shattock , edited with an Introduction by Francis O'Gorman, Literature Compass, Volume 4 Virtual Issue, pp.1277-1279, 2007 (Introduction on 

'Ruskin and Fame', Nineteenth-Century Prose, 35 (2008): 94-112.

'Matthew Arnold's "The Buried Life"', ANQ: American Notes & Queries, 21 (2008): 42-4. 

Roundtable on 'Victorian "Afterlives"', Journal of Victorian Culture 13.2 (2008), with essays by Carol Christ, Tracy Hargreaves, Peter McDonald, and Sharon Aronofsky Weltman, and an Introduction by Francis O'Gorman, 277-309  

'Coleridge, "Frost at Midnight ", and Anticipating the Future', Romanticism, 14 (2008): 232-44. 

'Wordsworth and Touch', English: The Journal of the English Association, 58 (2009): 1-20. 

'Poetry in the Age of New Sound Technology: from Mallarmé to Tennyson' in Cahiers victoriens & eduoardiens, 69 (2009): 41-58. 

'Gerard Manley Hopkins and George MacDonald on Immortality', Notes & Queries, 56 (2009): 399-400. 

'Robert Browning's "Meeting at Night" and "Parting at Morning" and Goethe', The Journal of Browning Studies, I (2010): 84-6. 

'Ruskin, Science, and the Miracles of Life', Review of English Studies, 61 (2010): 276-88.  

'What is Haunting Tennyson's Maud (1855)?', Victorian Poetry, 48 (2010): 293-311. 

Review essay: 'Robert Hewison, Ruskin on Venice: The Paradise of Cities (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009)', Carlyle Studies Annual, 26 (2010): 187-97 (contains original material discussing Ruskin and Venice). 

'Coleridge, Keats, and the Science of Breathing', Essays in Criticism, 61 (2011): 365-81. 

'Margaret Oliphant and The Cornhill in 1889' forthcoming in Notes & Queries, 58 (2011): 272-3. 

'Walter Pater and Oscar Browning: The "Last" Meeting', The Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies, 20 (2011): 72-6.

'Remembering Edward Thomas'  Agenda (2012):

‘What is Haunting Dubliners?’, James Joyce Quarterly, 48.3 (2011): 445-56 (published Nov. 2012)

‘Larkin Hearing’, Literary Imagination, 14 (2012): 35-45.

‘Matthew Arnold and Rereading’, The Cambridge Quarterly, 41 (2012): 245-61.

‘Gaskell’s Sylvia’s Lovers and the Scandal in Trollope’s The Warden’, Notes & Queries, 59 (2012): 336-9. 

‘Modernism, T.S. Eliot, and the “Age of Worry”’, Textual Practice, 26 (2012): 1001-19.

‘Hopkins’ Yonder’, Literature and Theology, 27 (2013): 81-97.

‘Swinburne and Mary Gordon’, Notes & Queries, 60 (2013):  263-5.

‘The Touching Distances of Joyce’s Pomes Penyeach, Agenda, 47 (2013): 122-9.

‘“Influence” in the Contemporary Study of the Humanities: The Problem of Ruskin’, Carlyle Studies Annual, 28 (2013): 5-29.

‘Swinburne and Ireland’, Review of English Studies, 64 (2013): 654-74.

‘Swinburne and the “unutterable sadness” of Philip Bourke Marston’, Literary Imagination, 15 (2013): 165-80.

‘Thomas Hardy and the Bishop of Wakefield’, N&Q, 61(2014), pp.86-9

‘John Ruskin and Contemporary Economics’, Ruskin Review and Bulletin, 10 (2014), pp.4-10


'Emily Davies', 'Harriet Martineau: Illustrations of Political Economy', 'Harriet Martineau: Deerbrook', 'L. S. Bevington', 'Emilia Dilke', 'J. H. Ewing', 'Margaret Gatty', 'Emily Pfeiffer', 'Lady Charlotte Elliot', 'Frances Havergal', 'Henrietta Huxley', and 'Patricia Beer' entries in Lorna Sage, ed., The Cambridge Guide to Women's Writing in English (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).  

Entry on 'Charles Robert Darwin' for The Literary Encyclopaedia.Com (2002).  

'Editorial Introduction' to Gaskell and the Brontës: Literary Manuscripts of Elizabeth Gaskell (1810-1865) and the Brontës from the Brotherton Library, University of Leeds ( Marlborough : Adam Matthews microfilm publications, 2003), 9-16. ISBN 185711 238.  

Entries on 'Walter Pater', 'W. G. Collingwood', 'James Fergusson', 'Owen Jones', 'J. A. Symonds Snr', 'A. W. N. Pugin', and 'Gilbert Scott' in Thoemmes Dictionary of 19th-Century British Philosophers (London: Thoemmes, 2002) [8,000 words].  

'Algernon C. Swinburne' in Gaëtan Brulotte and John Phillips, eds, Encyclopedia of Erotic Literature, 2 vols ( London : Routledge, 2006), II,1268-70.   

'John Ruskin' in J. Baird Callicott and Robert Frodeman, eds., Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, 2 vols (Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2008), ii.3pp. 


Since 2007, discussions involving English literature have appeared in The Guardian, The Yorkshire Post, The Dalesman, Cumbria, and on the BBC news website (e.g., 8196844.stm). Some of my ideas about fiction and finance were discussed in The Financial Times 23 March 2012 (‘Literary Festivals that Profit from the Financial Crisis’). I was interviewed about the Brontës on BBC Radio York in August 2009 and live about Michael Gove’s plans for School literature on Radio 4’s Today on 6 October 2010.  I was interviewed live about Dickens’ The Mystery of Edwin Drood on 10 January 2012 on BBC Radio Leeds and about ghost stories live for BBC Radio Leeds in July 2012. Contributions to the discussion on A New Level was filmed and is on Youtube ( watch?v=AdYL76Rgk4E).

‘Victorianists and the Politics of Interdisciplinarity in the Academy’, Victorian Review, 33:1 (2007): 44-7.

The Guardian’s ‘Comment is Free’ article on REF and Impact: (19 December 2009).

‘Making Meaning: Literary Research in the Twenty-first Century’ in Jonathan Bate, ed., The Long View: The Value of the Humanities (London: Bloomsbury/AHRC, 2010), 272-82.

‘The “Value” in the “Public Value of the Humanities”: A UK Perspective’ in Jane Conroy and Margaret Kelleher, ed., Restating the Value of the Humanities (Dublin: Humanities Serving Irish Society Consortium, 2014), pp.12-14.