Dr Claire Eldridge

Dr Claire Eldridge

Associate Professor in Modern European History

Summary: History of modern France & the French empire; history of colonial & postcolonial Algeria; histories of immigration & race in France; memory studies; history of settler colonialism; the First World War

Overview

Biography

After graduating with an MA (Hons) in Modern History from the University of St Andrews, I went on to complete an M.Litt and an AHRC-funded PhD at the same institution. I then worked as a Lecturer in Modern History at Keele University and as a Lecturer in French Studies at the University of Southampton before coming to Leeds in September 2015.

Research Interests

I specialise in the social and cultural history of France and the French Empire. My research explores the interplay between empire, memory and migration, particularly in the context of the historical relationship between France and Algeria. I have focused extensively on the construction and transmission of memories within the pied-noir and harki communities following their mass migration to France when Algeria gained independence in 1962. Exploring memory activism within both groups as they sought to process their experiences of the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962) and to deal with the legacies of this conflict, my work seeks to historicise the current ‘memory wars’ phenomenon whereby different groups in France are seen to be ‘fighting’ for control of the public representation of this contentious past. This reflects my broader interest in how European societies negotiate competing claims on their national histories and memories in the public arena, particularly with respect to divisive and violent pasts. 

My latest research explores the history of settlers from colonial Algeria who served in the French military during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This project will begin by investigating the impact military service during the First World War had upon the identities of these ‘settler soldiers’ and on their relationships with the metropolitan and indigenous colonial troops they fought alongside.


Current Research Projects

Settler Soldiers

Settlers migrated to Algeria from a range of European countries over the course of the nineteenth century. Only in 1889 and 1893, more than half a century after the initial French conquest of Algeria, did naturalisation laws made these diverse Europeans into French citizens. This project will analyse the influence of the transnational origins and affiliations of the settlers on their sense of identity and belonging using as its case study military service. Considered a fundamental duty of citizenship and the ultimate expression of patriotism, military service was integral to national identity in France and to the republican social contract. The army therefore offers a useful lens through which to examine the interactions between local, national, imperial and transnational loyalties and belongings as they unfolded on the ground in Algeria and in France. In particular, military service allows us to see what the French state expected of its new citizens, what they in turn demanded from France, and how this compared to the duties and expectations placed upon other groups within Algeria.

Migrations of Decolonisation

As a series of empires came to an end between the 1940s and 1970s, millions of people abandoned or fled colonial ‘peripheries’ with most migrating to their respective colonial metropoles. Back in their ‘home’ societies, these men and women came to serve as central sites of negotiation regarding the meaning and legacy of colonialism, notions of belonging and exclusion, and the role of state and non-state actors in managing diversity in postcolonial nations. While there is limited work on a range of country-specific case studies, these have not yet been brought together in any sustained way. This is the impetus behind an evolving collaboration between scholars in the UK, Europe and North America.


Publications

Books

Aissaoui R; Eldridge C (2017) Algeria Revisited History, Culture and Identity. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Eldridge CL (2016) From empire to exile: History and memory within the pied-noir and harki communities. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Journal Articles

Eldridge CL (2013) ‘Returning to the “Return”: Pied-Noir Memories of 1962’. Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, , pp. 121-140.

Eldridge CL (2012) ‘Remembering the Other: Postcolonial Perspectives on Relationships between Jews and Muslims in French Algeria’. Journal of Modern Jewish Studies, , pp. 1-19.

Eldridge CL (2010) Blurring the Boundaries Between Perpetrators and Victims: Pied-Noir Memories and the Harki Community. Memory Studies, , pp. 123-136.

Eldridge CL (2009) ‘“We’ve never had a voice”. Memory Construction and the Children of the Harkis, 1962-1991’. French History, 23 (1), pp. 88-107.


Book Chapters

Eldridge CL (2017) Passing the Torch: Memory Activism within the Pied-Noir Community Fifty Years after Independence. Algeria Revisited: History, Culture and Identity, London: Bloomsbury, pp. 212-234.

Eldridge CL; Aissaoui R (2017) Revisiting Algeria. Algeria Revisited History, Culture and Identity, Bloomsbury Publishing, pp. 1-16.

Eldridge CL (2016) Unity above all? Relationships and Rivalries within the Pied-Noir Community. In: Borutta M; Jansen JC eds. Vertriebene and Pieds-Noirs in Postwar Germany and France, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 133-150.

Eldridge CL (2013) ‘The Pied-Noir Community and the Complexity of “Coming Home” to Algeria’. In: Soo S; Gemie S eds. Coming Home? Vol. 2: Conflict and Postcolonial Return Migration in the Context of France and North Africa, 1962-2009, Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 12-32.

Eldridge CL (2011) ‘Le symbole de l’Afrique perdue: Carnoux-en-Provence and the Pied-Noir Community’. In: Marsh K; Frith N eds. France’s Lost Empires: Fragmentation, Loss and la fracture coloniale, Lanham, MD: Lexington, pp. 125-136.


Undergraduate Teaching

HIST2077: Colonial Encounters: France and Its Empire, 1830-1945
This module builds on my interest in how France interacted with the wider world. By exploring topics such as race, gender, religion, education and medicine, we will think about the ways in which France transformed the societies it came into contact with as it constructed its empire. At the same time, we will consider how the continual circulation of people, goods and ideas between colony and metropole influenced identities and ways of life in mainland France.

HIST2079: The Republic in Crisis
This module examines key moments in French history since the founding of the Third Republic in 1870, including the Commune, the two World Wars, decolonisation, the student protests of May 1968 and the rise of the far right. Through these events we will think about the ways in which recurring themes such as religious tensions, political polarisation, war and questions over the place of minorities have shaped debates about French identity in the modern era.

HIST3665: France and Algeria from 1830 to the Present
This final year Special Subject draws on my research into the complex and fascinating relationship between these two countries. Structured chronologically, the module explores the creation of a colonial society in Algeria that quickly came to be seen as an extension to mainland France before considering the factors that led to the violence dissolution of this union via one of the world’s most iconic and influential wars of decolonisation. We will also reflect on the enduring legacies of this history for both Algeria and France today.

I contribute to HIST1210: The Modern World and FOAR1100 Creative Africas.


Postgraduate Teaching:

At Postgraduate level I contribute to:

HIST5838 Approaches to Race

HIST5035 Approaches to Contemporary European History

HIST5850 Debates in Social and Cultural History

 
EKT / Esteem Indicators /  Media Contact / Advisory roles:

I have been actively involved in a range of knowledge transfer and widening participation initiatives, including giving talks to sixth form students and local history societies, and at public film screenings.
I am available to the media for comment on issues relating to the relationship between France and Algeria in the colonial and postcolonial periods, the history of the French empire more broadly, as well as questions relating immigration, race and identity in contemporary France. Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have about these subjects.