Professor Richard Cleminson

Professor Richard Cleminson

Professor of Hispanic Studies

0113 343 3528

Summary: History of Sexuality in Iberia, 1850 to the present; the anarchist movement in Spain; the history of homosexuality, eugenics, nudism, technology and sexuality and hermaphroditism.


I am Professor of Hispanic Studies and work at the intersection between Gender and Sexuality Studies and History with a particular interest in how science and culture interact in Iberia. To this end, I have published on scientific and sexological theories of sexuality, particularly with respect to the cultural and scientific construction of male homosexuality in Spain, hermaphroditism in Iberia and the reception of eugenics in Spain and Portugal. My most recent book is on the history of eugenics in Portugal, deriving from an AHRC Research Fellowship in 2012. I have recently completed a major project, also AHRC-funded, which focuses on the dialogue between anarchism and eugenics in five countries. My current principal research focuses on the history and linkages between the Portuguese and Mozambican labour movements and is funded by the British Academy/Leverhulme Trust.

I supervise numerous PhDs and Masters by Research, including work on anarchism in the Spanish Civil War, the Spanish republican educational project and sports, LGBTQ matters in Russia, anticlericalism in France and the cultural dynamics of anarchism in Argentina and Spain.

Selected Publications


Catholicism, Race and Empire: Eugenics in Portugal, 1900-1950 (Budapest/New York: Central European University Press, 2014)

Sex, Identity and Hermaphrodites in Iberia, 1500-1800 (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2013) (with F. Vázquez García).

Los hermafroditas. Medicina e identidad sexual en España (1850-1960) (Granada: Editorial Comares, 2012) (with F. Vázquez García)

Anarchism and Sexuality: Ethics, Relationships and Power (Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2011) (edited with Jamie Heckert)

'Los Invisibles'. Una historia de la homosexualidad en España, 1850-1939 (Granada: Editorial Comares, 2011) (with F. Vázquez García)

Hermaphroditism, Medical Science and Sexual Identity in Spain, 1850-1960 (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2009) (with F. Vázquez García)

Anarquismo y sexualidad (España, 1900-1939) (Cadiz: University of Cadiz, 2008)

'Los Invisibles': A History of Male Homosexuality in Spain, 1850-1939 (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2007) (with F. Vázquez García)

Techno-Sexual Landscapes: Changing Relations between Technology and Sexuality (London: Free Association Books, 2004) (with Ángel Gordo López)

La educación intercultural. Un reto en el presente de Europa/Intercultural Education: A Present-Day Challenge for Europe (Madrid: Comunidad de Madrid, 2002) (Ana Carmen del Canto, Angel Gordo López & Antonio Muñoz Sedano (eds.))

Anarchism, Science and Sex: Eugenics in Eastern Spain, 1900-1937 (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2000)

Anarquismo y homosexualidad (Madrid: Huerga y Fierro, 1995)

Edited Journal Monographs 

"Sujetos frágiles: the fragility of the liberal subject in the modern Hispanic world", Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, 22(1), 2016 (edited with Gregorio Alonso)

"Queer in Portugal: History, identity and future", International Journal of Iberian Studies, 29(2), 2016

"Anarchism and Sexuality", International Journal of Iberian Studies, 24(3), 2012 (edited with Gwendolyn Windpassinger)

"La Mala Vida", Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, 10(4), 2009 (with Teresa Fuentes Peris) (contains article "Transnational Discourse on the 'Mala Vida': Male Homosexuality in Madrid, Buenos Aires and Barcelona in the Early Twentieth Century", pp. 461-483

"Alternative Discourses in Early Twentieth-century Spain: Intellectuals, Dissent and Sub-cultures of Mind and Body", Bulletin of Spanish Studies, LXXXI(6), 2004 (with Alison Sinclair)

"Anarchism and Sexuality", Anarchist Studies, 8, 2000.

Journal Articles and Book Chapters 

"Anarquismo, apoliticismo y la organización revolucionaria de las mujeres: España, 1936-1939", FORUM. Revista Departamento de Ciencia Política, 13, 2018, pp. 119-131, available from (with Danny Evans)

"Iberian eugenics? Cross-overs and contrasts between Spanish and Portuguese eugenics, 1930-1950", Dynamis, 37(1), 2017, pp. 89-110

"Between Germanic and Latin eugenics: Portugal, 1930-1960", História, Ciência, Saúde - Manguinhos, 27, supplement, 2016, pp. 73-91 (

"'A New World in Our Hearts' - Anarchism and the Spanish Civil War", in Lancashire Association of Trades Union Councils (ed.), North East Lancashire and the Spanish Civil War (Accrington: Lancashire Association of Trades Union Councils, 2016), pp. 35-63

"La diferenciación de los sexos y la 'masculinidad crítica'", in Marie-Hélène Soubeyroux and Mónica Zapata (eds.), Miradas sobre una una polifacética. Homenaje a Jean-Louis Guereña (Paris: Indigo, 2016), pp. 321-337

"Sexo, identidad y hermafroditas en la España de la Ilustración", in Marie-Hélène Soubeyroux and Mónica Zapata (eds.), Miradas sobre una una polifacética. Homenaje a Jean-Louis Guereña (Paris: Indigo, 2016), pp. 339-368 (with F. Vázquez García)

"Liberal governmentality in Spain: bodies, minds, and the medical construction of the “outsider,” 1870–1910", Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, 22(1), 2016, pp. 23-40

"'Simulando assim a cópula normal' – sapphists, tribades, fricatrixes and lesbians: Between biomedical taxonomical categories and identity in Portugal (1895–1930)", International Journal of Iberian Studies, 29(2), 2016, pp. 113-133 (with Francisco Molina Artaloytia)

"Consumerism, Gender Diversity and Moralization of Sexuality in the Iberian 1960s", in Kostis Kornetis, Eirini Kotsovili and Nikolaos Papadogiannis (eds.), Consumption and Gender in Southern Europe since the long 1960s (London: Bloomsbury, 2016), pp. 59-84 (with R.M. Medina-Doménech)

"Die Konstruktion von Maskulinität in der spanischen Arbeiterbewegung: eine Studie zur Revista Blanca (1923-1936)", trans. Andreas Förster, in Philippe Kellermann (ed.), Anarchismus und Geschlechterverhältnisse, vol. I (Hessen: Edition AV, 2016), pp. 113-140

"The purification of vice: early Francoism, moral crusade, and the barrios of Granada, 1936-1951)", Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, 16(1), 2015, pp. 95-114 (with Claudio Hernández Burgos)

"Portugal", entry in "Eugenics Archives", Center for Genetics and Society,

"La construction de la masculinité au sein du mouvement ouvrier espagnol: une étude de La Revista Blanca (1923-1936)", in Jean-Louis Guereña (ed.), Sexualités occidentales XVIIIe-XXIe siècles (Tours: Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, 2014), pp. 93-75

"Female Masculinity on Stage: Young Man! and the Subversion of gender Roles", in Rafael M. Mérida-Jiménez (ed.), Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition (New York: Peter Lang, 2014), pp. 177-187 (with Carlos Pons)

"The queer margins of Spanish cities, 1939-2010", in Matt Cook & Jennifer V. Evans (eds.), Queer Cities, Queer Cultures: Europe since 1945 (London: Bloomsbury, 2014), pp. 15-35 (with Rosa María Medina Doménech & Isabel Vélez)

"The Social Significance of Homosexual Scandals in Spain in the Late Nineteenth Century", Journal of the History of Sexuality, 23(3), 2014, pp. 358-382 (with Pura Fernández and Francisco Vázquez García)

"La prensa alternativa durante la Transición y la recepción de la cuestión 'homosexual': un estudio de El Viejo Topo y Ajoblanco", in Rafael M. Mérida (ed.), Minorías sexuales en España (1970-1975) (Barcelona: Icaria, 2013), pp. 67-87 

"The History and Future of Psychotherapy and Alternative Health-Related Practices: Lessons from the Past and from the Present", Psychotherapy and Politics International, 11(3), 2013, pp. 195-2009 (with John Lees)

"Medical understandings of the body: 1750 to the present", in S. Toulalan and K. Fisher (eds.), The Routledge History of Sex and the Body 1500 to the Present (London/New York: Routledge, 2013), p. 75-88

"Entre los 'vicios genésicos' y la normalización de la homosexualidad: A Vida Sexual de Egas Moniz", Ayer. Revista de Historia Contemporánea, 87(3), 2012, pp. 67-88 (with Francisco Molina Artaloytia)

"The Construction of Masculinity in the Spanish Labour Movement: A Study of the Revista Blanca (1923-36)", International Journal of Iberian Studies,24(3), 2012, pp. 210-217

"Felipe Alaiz, Iberian Federalism and the Making of the Anarchist Intellectual", Historia Social y de la Educación, 1(2), 2012, pp.  153-171 

"Traces of Eugenic Thought in the Work of Egas Moniz", Portuguese Studies, 28(1), 2012, pp. 63-76 (with Luís Souto)

"The Hermaphrodite, Fecundity and Military Efficiency: Dangerous Subjects in the Emerging Liberal Order of Nineteenth-Century Spain", in K. Fisher and S. Toulalan (eds.), Bodies, Sex and Desire from the Renaissance to the Present (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), pp. 70-86 (with Francisco Vázquez García)

"La obra sexológica del Dr. Martín de Lucenay: entre el conocimiento científico y la recepción popular de la ciencia sexológica en España a principios del siglo XX", in Jean-Louis Guereña (ed.), La sexualidad en la España contemporánea (1800-1950) (Cadiz: Universidad de Cádiz, 2011), pp. 163-188

"Ethics, relationships and power: an introduction", in Jamie Heckert & Richard Cleminson (eds.) Anarchism and Sexuality: Ethics, Relationships and Power (Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2011), pp. 1-22 (with Jamie Heckert)

"Eugenics in Portugal, 1900-1950: Setting a Research Agenda", East Central Europe, 38(1), 2011, pp. 133-154

"L'Histoire de la Sexualité en Espagne (1870-1939): état présent et recherches futures", Lectures du genre, 7, 2011 (ISSN 1958-5136) (

"Subjectivities in Transition: Gender and sexual identities in cases of 'sex change' and 'hermaphroditism' in Spain, c. 1500-1800", History of Science, xlviii, 2010, pp. 1-38 (with F. Vázquez García)

"Spanish anti-fascist 'prisoners of war' in Lancashire, 1944-46", International Journal of Iberian Studies, 22(3), 2009, pp. 163-183.

"Breasts, Hormones and Hair: The Anatomy of Gender Difference in Spain, 1880-1940", Bulletin of Spanish Studies, LXXXVI(5), 2009, 627-652 (with F. Vázquez García)

"Eugenics without the state: anarchism in Catalonia, 1900-1937", Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 39, 2008, pp. 232-239.

"'La antorcha extinguida', la Bohemia y la disidencia sexual en España, principios del siglo XX", in "Espais de Bohèmia. Actrius, Cupletistes i ballarines", Dossiers Feministes (Castellón), 10, 2008, pp. 51-60

"El nacimiento del invertido criminal en la España contemporánea (1850-1931)", in L. R. Ruiz & M. J. Ruiz (eds.), Arte y crimen. Amores, pasiones, creación y destrucción (Cadiz: Diputación de Cádiz, 2007), pp. 37-45

"'"A century of civilization under the influence of eugenics": Dr. Enrique Diego Madrazo, socialism and scientific progress'", Dynamis, 26, 2006, pp. 221-251.

"'Instancias de biopolítica en España, siglos XX y XXI'", in J. Ugarte (ed), La administración de la vida: Estudios biopolíticos, (Rubí Anthropos), 2005, pp. 127-152.

"Making Sense of the Body: Anarchism, Nudism and Subjective Experience", Bulletin of Spanish Studies, LXXXI (6), 2004, pp. 697-716.

"The Significance of the 'Fairy' for the Cultural Archaeology of Same-Sex Male Desire in Spain, 1850-1930", Sexualities, 7(4), 2004, pp. 412-429.

"El libro Homosexualidad del Dr. Martín de Lucenay: entre el conocimiento científico y la recepción pública de la ciencia sexológica en España a principios del siglo XX", Hispania. Revista Española de Historia , 218, 2004, pp. 961-986.

External Positions  

MRes or PhD External Examinerships: University of Cadiz (2005, 2007), University of Glamorgan (2005), University of Oviedo (2007), University of Glamorgan (2008), La Laguna University, Gran Canaria (2009), University of Granada (2013), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (2013) 

External Examiner for Catalan, Queen Mary, University of London (2010-2014)

Associate Editor, Anarchist Studies.

Editorial Board Member, Dynamis. Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam, Ex Æquo: Revista da Associação Portuguesa de Estudos sobre as Mulheres, International Journal of Iberian Studies, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Journal of Iberian and Latin American StudiesTeknokultura, among others. 

Honorary Positions Held

Was Visiting Research Fellow in the Department of the History of Medicine and Pathological Anatomy at the University of Granada, 2003-4.

Major Research Projects and Grants

Wellcome Trust Award in the History of Medicine, 2002-3

Male, Female or In-Between? The Science of Hermaphroditism in Spain, 1850-1960, AHRC Research Leave, September-December 2007.

Eugenics in Portugal, 1900-1960, AHRC Research Fellowship, October 2011-July 2012

Anarchism and Eugenics: A Seeming Paradox, 1890-1940, AHRC Research Fellowship, December 2015-May 2017


SPPO1045 The Historical Development of Spain and Latin America

SPPO2680, Modern Spain 1808-1975

SPPO3361 The Regulation of Sexuality in Iberia and Latin America

GEND5106M Que(e)rying Sexualities (MA Module in Gender, Sexuality and Queer Theory)

Postgraduate Research Supervision

History of Sexuality in Iberia and Latin America

Spanish Cultural Studies

Anarchism, theory and practice