Dr Hendrik  Kraetzschmar

Dr Hendrik Kraetzschmar

Associate Professor in the Comparative Politics of the Middle East and North Africa

+44(0)113 343 3423

Summary: Authoritarianism and democratisation in the Middle East and North Africa, with focus on civil society, party and electoral politics

Background

I completed my undergraduate studies in Political Science and Social Anthropology at the University of Heidelberg (Germany) in 1996, before moving to London to pursue an MA in Comparative Politics at the London School of Economic and Political Science (LSE). Between 1999 and 2005 I studied for a PhD in Middle East Politics at the same institution. Before joining the Department of Arabic, Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies at Leeds University in September 2007 I lectured for two years in Middle East Politics at the American University in Cairo. At Leeds University I am teaching a wide range of subjects in the Comparative and International Politics of the region.

Research Interests

Comparative Politics of the Middle East and North Africa, with a focus on:

  • Authoritarianism & political liberalisation / democratisation
  • Political opposition, regime-opposition dynamics
  • Electoral & party politics
  • Civil society & state-society relations
  • Gender & political participation

Current Research

  • Gender & political participation in Saudi Arabia
  • Associational democracy & electoral politics in Saudi Arabia
  • Evolution of Islamism / Islamist forces in Egypt post-Arab uprisings
  • Party system and party system change in the Middle East and North Africa

Research Supervision

I have been involved in MAR/PhD supervision since joining Leeds University in 2007. I am willing to supervise students in any field of Comparative Politics of the Middle East and North Africa.

Past/present projects supervised include research on Saudi Foreign Policy, GCC relations, electoral / party politics in post-revolutionary Egypt, Salafism in Egypt, civil society and sectarianism in the Gulf as well as on the Muslim Brotherhood in Syria.

I have been invited to examine MAR and PhD projects here at the University of Leeds, as well as at Durham University and the universities of Manchester, Sunderland and Exeter.

Courses Taught

Arab 3110 - Middle Eastern Politics: Regimes, Societies and Conflict

Arab 5060 - Debating the Middle East: Islam, Politics and Culture

Arab 5005 - Dissertation in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies  

MODL5024 - Principles and Practices of Research  

Publications

Books

Kraetzschmar, H. & P. Rivetti  (eds) 2018. Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings: Governance, Pluralisation and Contention. Edinburgh University Press (forthcoming).

Kraetzschmar, H. (ed.) 2012. Opposition Cooperation in the Arab World: Contentious Politics in Times of Change. Routledge.  

Schwarzmantel J. and H. Kraetzschmar (eds) 2011. Democracy and Violence: Global Challenges and Local Debates. Routledge.

Book Chapters

Zaccara, L. C. Freer and H. Kraetzschmar. 2018. 'Kuwait’s Islamist Proto-parties and the Arab Uprisings: Between Opposition, Pragmatism and the Pursuit of Cross-Ideological Cooperation',  in H. Kraetzschmar and P. Rivetti (eds) Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings: Governance, Pluralisation and Contention. Edinburgh University Press (forthcoming).

Kraetzschmar, H. and Saleh, A. 2018. 'The Struggle for Power and the 'Secular-Islamist' Binary in Post-Mubarak Egypt', in H. Kraetzschmar and P. Rivetti (eds) Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings: Governance, Pluralisation and Contention. Edinburgh University Press (forthcoming).

Bilgili, N. and H. Kraezschmar. 2018. 'A Critique from Within: The Islamic Left in Turkey and the AK Party’s Neo-Liberal Economics', in H. Kraetzschmar and P. Rivetti (eds) Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings: Governance, Pluralisation and Contention. Edinburgh University Press (forthcoming).

Rivetti, P. and H. Kraetzschmar. 2018. 'Political Islam and the Arab Uprisings', in H. Kraetzschmar and P. Rivetti (eds) Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings: Governance, Pluralisation and Contention. Edinburgh University Press (forthcoming).

Kraetzschmar, H. 2018. 'In the Shadows of Legality: Proto-Parties and Participatory Politics in the Emirate of Kuwait’, in L. Storm and F. Cavatorta (eds.) Political Parties in the Arab World: Continuity and Change. Edinburgh University Press (forthcoming).  

Cavatorta, F. & Kraetzschmar, H. 2014. 'Ballots over Bullets: Islamist Groups, the State and Electoral Violence in Egypt and Morocco' in J. Haynes (ed.) Religion and Political Change in the Modern World. Routledge.

Kraetzschmar H. 2010. 'Opposition Cooperation in Electoral Autocracies: The United National Front for Change in Egypt's 2005 Parliamentary Elections', in Albrecht H. (ed.) Contentious Politics in the Middle East, University of Florida Press.

Kraetzschmar, H. & Pontes-Resende, M. 2005. 'Parties of Power as Roadblocks to Democracy - the Ukraine and Egypt Compared' in Emerson, M. (ed.) Democratisation in the European Neighbourhood, CEPS Brussels.

Journal Articles 

Kraetzschmar, H. 2015. 'Associational Life under Authoritarianism: The Saudi Chamber of Commerce and Industry Elections' Journal of Arabian Studies 5/2, pp. 184-2015.  

Kraetzschmar, H. & Saleh A. 2015. 'Politicized Identities, Securitized Politics: The Sunni-Shi’a Politics in Egypt and Beyond', The Middle East Journal 69/4, pp. 545-562.

Kraetzschmar, H. 2013. 'Empowerment through the Ballot Box? Women's Suffrage and Electoral Participation in the Saudi Chambers of Commerce and Industry', Journal of Arabian Studies 3/1, pp. 102-119.

Kraetzschmar, H. and E.M. Lahlali. 2012. 'The State of e-Services Delivery in Kuwait: Challenges and Opportunities' Kuwait Programme on Development, Governance and Globalisation in the Gulf States Publication (LSE), pp. 1-41. Available at: http://www2.lse.ac.uk/government/research/resgroups/kuwait/documents/Hendrik%20Jan%20Kraetzschmar%20paper.pdf

Kraetzschmar, H. (ed.) 2011. 'Mapping Opposition Cooperation in the Arab World: From Single-Issue Coalitions to Transnational Networks', British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 38/3, pp. 287-302. 

Cavatorta, F. & Kraetzschmar, H. 2010. 'Ballots over Bullets: Islamist Groups, the State and Electoral Violence in Egypt and Morocco' Democratization 17/1, pp. 326-349.

Kraetzschmar, H.J. 2010. Electoral Rules, Voter Mobilization and the Islamist Landslide in the Saudi Municipal Elections of 2005. Contemporary Arab Affairs 3/4, pp. 485-502.

Kraetzschmar, H. Schwarzmantel, J. (eds.) 2010. 'Special Issue: Democracy and Violence', Democratization 17, 1.

Contributed to: Dean, L. (ed.) The Middle East and North Africa 2008. Routledge (rewriting & updating of Egypt chapter).

Contributed to: Dean, L. (ed.) The Middle East and North Africa 2007. Routledge (rewriting & updating of Egypt chapter).

Kraetzschmar H. 2006. 'The Politics of Electoral Reform in the Middle East and North Africa', Journal of Democracy Review Vol. 21, Cairo, pp. 11 - 19 (Published in Arabic & English).  

Working Papers & Articles

Kraetzschmar H. & Zollner, B. 2017. 'Egypt's authoritarian regime plays to conservative mainstream in wave of LGBTQ arrests', The Conversation, 23 October. Available at: http://theconversation.com/egypts-authoritarian-regime-plays-to-conservative-mainstream-in-wave-of-lgbtq-arrests-85709

Kraetzschmar, H. 2015. 'How the Tunisian national dialogue saved a country from collapse', The Conversation, 9 October. Available at: https://theconversation.com/how-the-tunisian-national-dialogue-saved-a-country-from-collapse-48921.

Kraetzschmar, H. & Voltmer, K. 2014. 'Investigating the Media and Democratisation Conflicts: Research Design and Methodology of Media, Conflict and Democratisation', MeCoDEM Working Paper, Available at: http://www.mecodem.eu/about/

Other Information

Membership in the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (BRISMES).

Membership in the International Political Science Association (IPSA).