Publications

Professor Ganapathy Ramachandran

BOOKS

Quantitative Risk Assessment in Fire Safety - with Dr David Charters (E & F N Spon), 2011.

The Economics of Fire Protection (E & F N Spon), 1998

Evaluation of Fire Safety (John Wiley), 2004 - Co-author

CONTRIBUTION OF CHAPTERS TO BOOKS

The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering (The National Fire Protection Association, USA). Three Chapters to the First Edition (1988), Five Chapters to the Second Edition (1995), Three Chapters to the Third Edition (2002) and Three Chapters to the Fourth Edition (2008).

BOOKS IN PREPARATION

Statistics, Probability and Reliability for Fire Protection Engineers (E & F N Spon) - to be published in 2012.

LIST OF RESEARCH PAPERS, REPORTS AND NOTES

1. Analysis of covariance for the split-plot design: average variances, (1964). Biometrics, 20, 1, 204-206.

2. The Poisson Process and fire loss distribution, (1969). Bulletin of the International Statistical Institute, 43, 2, 234-236.

3. Extreme Value Theory and large fire losses, (1974). Astin Bulletin. Vol VII, Pt 3, 293-310.

4. Extreme Order Statistics in large samples from exponential type distributions and their application to fire loss, (1975). Statistical Distributions in Scientific Work, Vol 2, 355-367 (Eds). G P Patil et al, D Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland.

5. Factors affecting fire loss - multiple regression models with extreme values, (1975) Astin Bulletin, Vol VIII, Pt 2, 229-241.

6. Fire loss data and the theory of extreme values, (1975). Policy Holder Insurance Journal, 16 May 1975, 1018-1019.

7. Extreme Value Theory and fire insurance, (1976). Transactions of the 20th International Congress of Actuaries, Tokyo, Oct-Nov 1976, Vol 4, 695-707 and Vol 5, 224-226.

8. Statistical methods in risk evaluation, (1979/80). Fire Safety Journal, 2, 125-145.

9. Extreme Value Theory and earthquake insurance, (1980). Transactions of the 21st International Congress of Actuaries, Zurich and Lausanne, June 1980, Vol 1, 337-353 and Vol S, 198-199.

10. Properties of Extreme Order Statistics and their application to fire losses and earthquake magnitudes, (1981). Statistical Distributions in Scientific Work, Vol 6, 351-366 (Eds) C-Taillie et al. D Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland.

11. Properties of Extreme Order Statistics and their application to fire protection and insurance problems, (1982). Fire Safety Journal, 5, 59-76.

12. Economic value of automatic detectors, (1981). Fire Engineers Journal June/Sept 1981, 36-37.

13. A review of mathematical models for assessing fire risk, (1982). Fire Prevention, May 1982, 28-32.

14. Trade-offs between sprinklers and fire resistance. Fire, October 1982, 211-212 (Corrections in Fire, November 1982, 283). Reduced and modified version published in the Architect's Journal, 15 September 1982, 101-103.

15. Cost effectiveness of sprinklers. BRE Symposium on Cost Effectiveness and Fire Protection, October 1974.

16. Application of extreme value theory to fire statistics. Short course on Appraisal and Measurement of Fire Safety. University of Edinburgh, October 1978.

17. Extreme Order Theory and Third Party Motor Insurance. 15th Astin Colloquium, Loen, Norway, June 1981.

18. Stochastic Modelling of Fire Growth. Conseil International du Batiment, _ Commission W14 Workshop on Mathematical Modelling of Fire Growth, Paris, July 1981. (Building Research Establishment Note N184/84).

19. Approximate values for the moments of extreme order statistics in large samples. Statistical Extremes and Applications, 563-578, (Ed), J Tiago De Oliveira. D Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1984.

20. Estimation of parameters of extreme order distributions of exponential type parents. Statistical Extremes and Applications, 579-588 (Ed), J Tiago De Oliveira. D Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1984.

21. The Interaction between Fire Protection and Insurance. Proceedings of BVD Seminar on Fire Prevention Concepts. Zurich, 13 March 1984.

22. Probability Modelling. Seminar on Cost Effective Approach to Fire Safety, LIFE 84, Olympia, London, April 1984.

23. Stochastic Modelling of Fire Growth. ASTM STP 882, 1985, 122-144. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

24. The Human Aspects of Fires in Buildings - Review of Research in the United Kingdom. ASTM STP 882, 1985, 386-422. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

25. Economic Aspects of Fire. International Conference on Flammability, University of Surrey, Guildford, England, 26-28 March 1985. Conference Workbook, 38 45.

26. Exponential Model of Fire Growth. Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the First International Symposium, 657-666 (Eds) C E Grant and P J Pagni. Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York, 1986.

27. Management of Fire Risk. Risk Assessment and Management, 289-308, (Ed) L B Lave. Advances in Risk Analysis. Plenum Press, New York, 1987.

28. Probabilistic Approach to Fire Risk Evaluation. Fire Technology, August 1988, 204-226.

29. Extreme Value Theory. SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, First Edition, Section 4, Chapter 4, 28-33. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy M A, USA, 1988. (Reproduced in Second Edition, 1995, Section 5, Chapter 3, 27-32 and Third Edition, 2002, Section 5, Chapter 8, 105-111). 

30. Utility Theory. SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, First Edition, Section 4, Chapter 8, 64-73. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy M A, USA, 1988. (Reproduced in Second Edition, 1995, Section 5, Chapter 9, 76-86).

31. Value of Human Life. SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, First Edition, Section 4, Chapter 9, 74-80. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy M A, USA, 1988. (Reproduced in Second Edition, 1995, Section 5, Chapter 8, 69-75). 32. Human behaviour in fires, early detection and building evacuation. Premises Management, February 1989 (p24-26) and March 1989 (p79, 81 and 87). Industrial Media Ltd, Tonbridge, Kent.

33. Probabilistic evaluation of trade-offs between fire safety measures. Fifth International Fire Protection Engineering Institute, Ottawa, Canada, May 1989 (published in conference proceedings).

34. Trade-offs between fire safety measures. Probabilistic Evaluation, Fire Surveyor, 19, 2, 4-13, April 1990.

35. Human Behaviour in Fires. Fire Technology, 26, 2, 149-155, May 1990.

36. Risk of Explosion from Trains carrying LPG and other Dangerous Goods. Fire Surveyor, 19, 3, 8-12, June 1990.

37. Probability-based Fire Safety Code. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol 2, No 3, 75-91, 1990.

38. Informative Fire Warning Systems. Fire Technology, 27, 1, 66-81, February 1991.

39. Non-deterministic modelling of fire spread. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol 3, No 2, 37-48, 1991.

40. Probabilistic Evaluation of Life Safety from Fire. Report to the Fire Research Station, July 1991 (unpublished).

41. Fires in Certain Types of Buildings - Growth Rates and Design Sizes. Report to the Swedish Fire Research Board through Brandskyddslaget, Enskede, Sweden, April 1992 (unpublished) - see also reference 7 on page 5.

42. Statistically-Determined Fire Growth Rates for a Range of Scenarios: Part 1: An Analysis of Summary Data. Part 2: Effectiveness of Fire Protection Measures -Probabilistic Evaluation. Report to the Fire Research Station, October 1992 (unpublished).

43. Fire Resistance Periods for Elements of Structure in Steel Framed Buildings Adjustment Factor for Sprinkler Systems. Report to British Steel through Fire Safety Engineering Consultants Ltd, July 1993 (unpublished) - see also ref 45.

44. Probabilistic Evaluation of Design Evacuation Time. Proceedings of the CIB W14 International Symposium on Fire Safety Engineering, University of Ulster, September 1993 Part 1, 189-207.

45. Fire Resistance Periods for Structural Elements - The Sprinkler Factor. Proceedings of the CIB W14 International Symposium on Fire Safety Engineering, University of Ulster, September 1993, Part 3, 71-94.

46. Probability-Based Design of a Building for Fire Safety. Annual Conference on Fire Research, National Institute for Standards and Technology, USA, October 1993, NISTIR 5280 (Book of Abstracts) 143-144.

47. Early Detection of Fire and Life Risk. Fire Engineers Journal, Vol 53, 171, December 1993, 33-37.

48. Rebates for Deductibles and Protection Measures in Industrial Fire Insurance. Proceedings of the XXV ASTIN Colloquium, Cannes, France, September 1994, 299-325.

49. Heat Output and Fire Area. Proceedings of the International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering, Orlando, Florida, USA, September 1995, 481-486.

50. Probability-Based Building Design for Fire Safety. Part 1: Fire Technology, Third Quarter 1995, 265-275. Part 2: Fire Technology, Fourth Quarter 1995, 355-368.

51. Stochastic Models of Fire Growth. SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Second Edition, Section 3, Chapter 15, 296-311. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, M.A, USA, 1995 (reproduce with an additional section in Third Edition, 2002, Section 3, Chapter 15, 381-401).

52. Consequential/Indirect Loss. SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Second Edition, Section 5, Chapter 7, 63-68. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, USA, 1995.

53. Probabilistic Evaluation of Structural Fire Protection - A Simplified Guide. Report to the Fire Research Station, March 1996. Fire Note 8, Fire Research Station, 1998.

54. Reliability of Fire Protection Systems. Advances in Reliability Technology Symposium (13th ARTS), Manchester, April 1998.

55. Reliability and Effectiveness of Sprinkler Systems for Life Safety. Report to the Fire Research Station, March 1999 (unpublished).

56. Fire Safety Management and Risk Assessment. Facilities, 17, Issue 9/10, 1999,  363-376.

57. Issues in Economic Valuation of Fire Risk. United Engineering Foundation, New York Conference on Technical Basis for Performance Based Fire Regulations, San Diego, California, USA, January 2001.

58. Measuring Fire Consequences in Economic Terms (Revised by J. R. Hall). SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Third Edition, Section Five, Chapter 6,  79-92, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, USA, 2002.

59. Probabilistic Models for Fire Resistance Evaluation. Accepted for presentation at the Structural Engineering Institute/Society of Fire Protection Engineers, USA, Conference on Designing Structures for Fire, September 30 - October 01, 2003, Baltimore, MD, USA, 105-112.

60. Application of Extreme Value Analysis to Fire Protection Engineering, Economics and Insurance. Third International Symposium on Extreme Value Analysis, Theory and Practice, July 19-23, 2004, University of Aveiro, Portugal. Book of Abstracts (page 20).

61. Catastrophic Fires in Tall Buildings - Risk Assessment, Protection, Economics and Insurance. Twelfth Joint Seminar of the European Association of Law and Economics and the Geneva Association, Lecce, Italy, June 15-16, 2007.

62. Statistical Analysis of Data from Large Fires - Application of Extreme Value Methods, The M.O.R.E. Seminar (Sponsored by the Geneva Association), Paris, September 2007.

63. Coupling of Deterministic and Non-Deterministic Fire Models.  Society of Fire Protection Engineers Professional Development Conference, Las Vegas, October 14-19, 2007.

64. Enhanced Structural Fire Protection for a Tall Building Against a Catastrophic Fire – Probabilistic Evaluation of Performance and Economic Value.  Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, Auckland, New Zealand, April 16-18, 2008, 385-394.

65. Opportunities for Predictive Financial Modelling of Fire from Insurer Statistics.  Insurers’ Fire Research Strategy (In FiReS) Seminar, London, 14th February 2008.  (Organised by the Fire Protection Association, UK).

66. Fire Protection Economics and Insurance.  Application of Probabilistic Risk Evaluation Techniques – Symposium on Creating the Future of Fire Risk Management organised by the Underwriters Laboratories, New Delhi, India, 5-6 February 2009.

67. Probabilistic Assessment and Economic Evaluation of Performance-Based Fire Safety Codes and Building Designs. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Performance Based Codes and Safety Design Methods, Lund University, Sweden, 16 -18 June 2010, 429-440.

JOINT PAPERS

1. Chapter III and Appendices VI, XII and XIII of the Report of the Motor Vehicles Insurance Committee 1962-1963, Ministry of Transport, Government of India, September 1963.

2. Langdon-Thomas, G.J. and Ramachandran, G. Improving the effectiveness of the fire-check door. Fire International, 27, 73-80 (1970).

3. Ramachandran, G and Taylor, H.D. Management of fire risk and extreme value theory. Keith Shipton Developments Limited. Papers on Risk Management 3. The Munich Conference, October 1975, 1-9 (1975).

4. Baldwin, R, Ramachandran, G, and Chandler, S.E. Furniture and furnishings in the home. International Symposium on Fire Safety of Combustible Materials. University of Edinburgh, October 1975, Proceedings, 179-186.

5. Ramachandran, G and Chandler, S.E. The Economic Value of Fire Detectors,. Fire Surveyor, April 1984, 8-14. .

6. Ramachandran, G and Chandler, S.E. Economic Value of Early Detection of Fires in Industry and Commercial Premises, BRE Information Paper, IP13/84, July 1984.

7. Bengtson, S and Ramachandran, G. Fire Growth Rates in Underground Facilities. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Ottawa, Canada, June 1994, 1089-1099.

8. Bengtson, S and Ramachandran, G. Design Fires in Underground Facilities. First European Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Zurich, August 1995, Book of Abstracts, 59-60.

9. Watts, J.M. and Ramachandran, G. Fire Protection Engineering Economics (The Official Magazine of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers, USA). Issue 26, Spring 2005, 10-17.

CONTRIBUTION TO BRITISH STANDARD

Part 7 on Probabilistic Risk Assessment (co-author with Dr David Charters), 2003 - Supplement to BS7974, 2001 on Application of Fire Safety Engineering Principles to the Design of Buildings.

FIRE RESEARCH NOTES

No    Date          Title

664 1967 (May) Frequency distribution of fire loss

690 1968 (Jan) Fire doors and losses in large fires

763 1969 (May) Preliminary analysis of large fires during 1968 (first author)

775 1969 (Oct) The assessment of smoke production by building materials in fires (co author)

792 1969 (Nov) A brief analysis of large fires during 1965 to 1968 (first author)

828 1970 (May) An enquiry into the frequency of sprinklered premises

829 1970 (July) Large fires during 1969 (first author)

837 1970 (Sept) Some possible applications of the theory of extreme values for the analysis of fire loss data

839 1970 (Sept) Fire loss indexes

844 1970 (Oct) Fire losses in different countries

891 1971 (Sept) Large fires during 1970 (first author)

906 1971 (Dec) National expenditure on sprinkler installations

910 1972 (Jan) Extreme value theory and fire losses. Further results

915 1972 (Jan) The use of fire extinguishers in dwellings (first author)

929 1972 (March) An application of the theory of extreme value for estimating the delay in the discovery of a fire

930 1972 (March) Geographical distribution of large fires during the period 1966 1970

943 1972 (Aug) Extreme value theory and fire resistance

956 1973 (Jan) Large fires during 1971 (first author)

991 1973 (Oct) Factors affecting fire loss - multiple regression model with extreme values

1021 1974 (Nov) Toxic gases and smoke from polyvinyl chloride in fires - Statistical analysis of test results (first author)

FIRE RESEARCH MEMORANDA

No    Date          Title

9 1970 (July) Covariance of large order statistics from exponential type distributions

19 1970 (Oct) Average of large order statistics from exponential type distributions

53 1971 (Oct) Code list for large fires (1971 onwards) (first author)

78 1972 (May) The effect of fire frequency on the losses in large fires 

FIRE RESEARCH INTERNAL NOTES

251 1966 Proposals for a second international co-operative research programme on fire behaviour in buildings (author of appendix)

256 1966 (May) An enquiry into the frequency of sprinklered premises

257 1966 (May) Smoke-stop doors

261 1966 (July) A bivariate linear model for predicting fire loss in a building

266 1967 (Jan) Economic analysis of fire protection measures in a building - mathematical model

285 1967 (Jan) A preliminary investigation of large fire losses in textile industries

289 1967 (Aug) A few facts about losses in large fires

300 1967 (Dec) A test for smoke production - Experimental design for certain operational factors

345 1969 (June) An assessment of the economic value of sprinklers

380 1970 (July) The economics of sprinkler protection - user of the building

BUILDING RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENT NOTES

No    Date          Title

17/75 1975 (Feb) Report on visit to Canada and USA, July-August 1974

160/76 1977 (Jan) The probability of failure of high alumina concrete cement beams (joint author)

86/79 1979 (July) The effect of climatic conditions on the incidence and spread of fires

63/81 1981 Properties of extreme order statistics and their application to fire protection and insurance problems

PAPER FOR BRAC COMMITTEE

1982 Jan The value of human life

OTHERS

  1. Statistical and economic problems in fire protection. Meeting of the Dutch Actuarial Society, Amsterdam, February 1975.
  2. Extreme order statistics from exponential type distributions with applications to fire protection and insurance. PhD Thesis, (1975), London University.
  3. Fires in buildings - The Human Factor. Note to Professor Bishop of University London for inclusion in a report for SRC Working Party on human factors in buildings, June 1982.
  4. Trains carrying liquefied petroleum gas - Risk of explosion (1978). Internal paper submitted to Department of Transport.
  5. Evaluation of research projects concerned with fire safety. Operational Research Conference, Civil Service College, Sunningdale, November 1982.

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Information maintained by Peter R Riley; Last updated 16/AUG/2011 

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