Universities need to continue to improve their provision and scope of enterprise and entrepreneurship programmes if they are to compete in the global education arena.
[Quote: Professor Paul Hannon of the National Council for Graduate Entrepreneurship (NCGE).]
"Universities have been receptive to the push from Government and industry to provide entrepreneurial graduates to support economic competitiveness and there's a great deal of activity around the UK to develop the right mindset, behaviours and skills to make a difference. However, much of it is extra-curricular - competitions, events and workshops etc - and whilst this is a great start and we have achieved a student engagement rate (SER) of 11 per cent in the UK, we clearly need to scale up access to embedded enterprise and innovation programmes for all our students", says Prof Hannon. "We're just scratching the surface of what could be achieved."
Speaking today at the World Universities Network workshop at the University of Leeds (10-11 December), Prof Hannon says around two thirds of programmes are run through business schools and that universities need to address this imbalance by assuming a campus-wide approach and supporting other faculties to develop and embed their own activities. "We need to create a level playing field," he says. "The choice of subject, institution or region should not disadvantage exposure to entrepreneurial learning opportunities."
Students' appetites for programmes in enterprise and innovation are growing all the time," he says. "Today's students don't expect to have a career for life - they're astute and know that they're more likely to have a varied career, and that they will need to have much broader business skills that make them more attractive to potential employers."
Students are already arriving at university with a basic understanding and awareness of enterprise, fuelled by the current media fascination with entrepreneurs, and the popularity of programmes such as Dragon's Den. This means that universities must stay ahead of the game and continually strive to improve and sophisticate their offer and delivery to students."
Of course this brings its own challenges, says Prof Hannon, especially concerning the fragility of funding and the need to act entrepreneurially in finding solutions to long-term growth; the need for strong leadership from the top; the need to ensure we have a growing cadre of world-class educators delivering excellence in entrepreneurship education and being beacons of best practice for the rest of the world.
He is, however, highly optimistic that the UK can overcome these challenges and the NCGE has a raft of initiatives in place and resources available for universities looking to improve their performance. It is already working with regional development agencies to develop strategies to address sustainability issues and has also started a new programme to support the enhancement of teaching delivery for the educators themselves, and which will include international exchanges with US counterparts.
"There is no single key to success and each university must decide what works best for its own situation," says Prof Hannon. "Our ethos is to constantly look at the challenges and see how we can make a difference and add value, whether it's through shaping policy, piloting a project to address a specific hurdle or disseminating good practice when we see it. The UK has a fantastic opportunity to become global leaders in this field."
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Notes to editor:
1. Paul Hannon is Director of Research and Education at the National Council for Graduate Entrpreneurship (NCGE).
2. NCGE was formed in 2004 with the aim of raising the profile of entrepreneurship and the option of starting your own business as a career choice amongst students and graduates. By understanding the circumstances in which graduate entrepreneurship can flourish, NCGE's goal is to influence, and inspire, an increase in the number of students and graduates who give serious thought to self-employment or business start-up.
The Council, which is based in Birmingham, is not only focused on graduates starting businesses, but understanding, developing and promoting a culture of entrepreneurship within Higher Education through research, education and facilitation. NCGE aims to become the national focal point for graduate entrepreneurship and will collaborate with bodies across the UK.
3. The WUN Leeds Workshop is the second in a series of events focusing on enterprise being held in Chicago, Leeds and Zhejiang, China, in 2007/08. The main themes are concerned with policy and practice, enterprise education and researching enterprise. The ambition is to explore aspects of practice and research and developing the distinctive entrepreneurship skills necessary to develop global entrepreneurs as individuals and organisations. This defines those who are equipped to work effectively across geographical, political and economic boundaries and so accelerate the development of innovative research, systems and products.
4. The World Universities Network (WUN) is a partnership of 17 research-led universities from Europe, North America, South East Asia and Australia. The WUN alliance exists to make significant advances in knowledge and understanding in areas of current global concern. By fostering and encouraging collaboration between members, WUN brings together the experience, equipment and expertise necessary to tackle the big issues currently facing societies, governments, corporations and education. www.wun.ac.uk