November's round-up of some of the latest research and education stories from the University.

Challenging artists and scientists to collaborate on new approaches to the creative process, the £15,000 DARE Art Prize is open for applications.

New research strongly suggests the distinct "oxygenation events" which created Earth’s breathable atmosphere happened spontaneously, rather than as a consequence of biological or tectonic revolutions.

Greenland is losing ice faster than in the 1990s and is tracking the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s high-end climate scenario.

Research which has identified a way of making a safer and cheaper polio vaccine is to be scaled-up – to see if it could be used in commercial vaccine production.