| So, an alternative definition might be that there is a
democratic deficit where institutions - European or national - fall short of
general principles of democracy. These might include participation, contestation
(competition for power), election of political leadership by universal suffrage,
accountability and so on. As you probably realise, there is some room for
disagreement in establishing a benchmark because there is no uniform concept of
democracy: at a very general level we might define it as government that comes
under structural pressure to be responsive to the wishes of the public.