Dr Christiana Gregoriou

Dr Christiana Gregoriou

Associate Professor in English Language

+44 (0)113 343 4793

Summary: Stylistics; contemporary crime fiction; murder narratives

BA, Lancaster; MA, PhD Nottingham; PGCLTHE, Leeds

Research Interests

As a stylistician, I study the linguistic make-up of literary texts. Having researched into the poetics of deviance in contemporary crime fiction, I maintained a strong interest in the portrayal of the criminal in the genre and have used stylistic models of analysis so as to explore, among others, the poetic structure of the 'criminal mind'. Primarily, I have been focused on that notion that has come to be known as 'mind style'. More recently, I developed an interest in crime narratives across the true crime genre and media journalism also. By employing linguistic and narratological methods of analysis, my research worked toward developing a linguistic framework on the representation of criminal ideology. I also share an interest in several other types of crime and crime-preventing discourses, and have recently completed my latest monograph in the area of crime narrative migration in the form of translation, adaptation and remakes.

I have been an associate member of PALA (as the Poetics and Linguistics Association is internationally known) since 2000, have attended most PALA conferences since then, and have published widely on the subject of crime narratives. I am also former chair of, and currently steering, the Crime Studies Network, a means of sharing ideas by facilitating interdisciplinary contacts, promoting events in crime studies, submitting bids, generating collections, and even engaging with non-academics who have an interest in the study of crime.

In addition to several journal articles and handbook chapters on the stylistics of mind style and crime fiction, I have published work on such subjects as true crime, linguistic foregrounding, adaptation, fanfiction and social movements, as well as generated edited collections on crime fiction retellings, crime narrative criticism and crime construction. My own-authored books include a book-guide on English Literary Stylistics (Palgrave, 2009) covering poetry, fiction and drama, the Anthony and Edgar-nominated 'Crime Files' series monograph on Deviance in Contemporary Crime Fiction (Palgrave, 2007), a monograph on Language, Ideology and Identity in Serial Killer Narratives (Routledge, 2011), and a monograph on Crime Fiction Migration: Crossing Languages, Cultures and Media (Bloomsbury, 2017). For a widget, which contains the Table of Contents, the Acknowledgements, and the first chapter of this book, click here. Though specialising in crime fiction and crime-related narratives more broadly, I welcome proposals from potential PhD students who wish to engage in research in any area of (critical) discourse analysis, stylistics, adaptation, cognitive poetics and/or pragmatics.  

Recent Activities

I was Principal Investigator of the ESRC/AHRC-funded PACCS project on Representations of transnational human trafficking in present-day news media, true crime, and fiction. Details of the 2017 ESRC Leeds symposium I organised, and which arose out of this project can be found here.



2017. Crime Fiction Migration: Crossing Languages, Cultures, Media. London: Bloomsbury.

2011. Language, Ideology and Identity in Serial Killer Narratives. London: Routledge.

2009. English Literary Stylistics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Perspectives on the English Language.

2007. Deviance in Contemporary Crime Fiction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Crime Files Series.

Edited Collections:

(ed.) 2018. Representations of Transnational Human Trafficking: Present-Day News Media, True Crime and Fiction. Palgrave Pivot. Open Access, Available Online <https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-78214-0>

with Platten, D. and Sulis, G. (eds) 2017. Australian Journal of Crime Fiction. ‘Retold, Resold, Transformed: Crime Fiction in the Modern Era’ special edition Vol. 1 No. 1.

(ed.) 2012. Language and Literature journal. ‘Investigating Contemporary Crime Writing’ special edition Vol. 21 N. 3.

(ed.) 2012. Constructing Crime: Discourse and Cultural Representations of Crime and ‘Deviance’. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Refereed Journal Articles:

2017. The Fandom is Afoot: BBC Sherlock and the Impact of the Prosumer, in C. Gregoriou, D. Platten and G. Sulis (eds), in Australian Journal of Crime Fiction, ‘Retold, Resold, Transformed: Crime Fiction in the Modern Era’ special edition 1 (1). <http://www.australiancrimefiction.com/>

with Paterson, L. 2017. “Reservoir of rage swamps Wall St”: The linguistic construction and evaluation of Occupy in international print media. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 5 (1): 57-80.

2013. The Televisual Game is On: The Stylistics of Modern-day Sherlock, in M. White and L. Evans (eds) Moving Worlds 13 (1): 49-61.

2012. “Times like these, I wish there was a real Dexter”: Unpacking serial murder ideologies and metaphors from TV’s Dexter internet forum, in Language and Literature, ‘Investigating Contemporary Crime Writing’ special edition 21(3): 274-85.

2003. Demystifying the Criminal Mind: Linguistic, Social and Generic Deviance in Contemporary American Crime Fiction. Working With English 1: 1-16. <http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/english/working_with_english>

2003. Criminally Minded; The Stylistics of Justification in Contemporary American Crime Fiction. Style 37(2): 144-59.

2002. ‘Behaving Badly’: A Cognitive Stylistics of the Criminal Mind. Nottingham Linguistic Circular 17: 61-73. [Also available at http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/english/nlc/gregoriou.pdf]

Book chapters:

(submitted and forthcoming 2018-19). Untranslatable Clues: Reader Manipulation and the Challenge of Crime Fiction Translation, in S. Sorlin (ed.) Stylistic Manipulation of the Reader in Fiction. Bloomsbury.

with Beyer, C. (submitted and forthcoming 2018-19). The Transnational Human Trafficking Victim in Minette Walters’ The Cellar, in U. Tabbert and J. Douthwaite (eds) The Stylistics of Crime: A linguistic contribution to the study of crime. Cambridge University Press.

2018. Crime Writing: Language and Stylistics, in C. Beyer (ed) Teaching Crime Fiction. Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp. 147-61.

with Ras, I. 2018. Representations of Transnational Human Trafficking: A Critical Review, in C. Gregoriou (ed) Representations of Transnational Human Trafficking: Present-Day News Media, True Crime and Fiction. Palgrave Pivot. Available Online <https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-78214-0>

with Ras, I. 2018. “Call for purge on the people traffickers”: An investigation into British newspapers’ representation of transnational human trafficking, 2000-2016, in C. Gregoriou (ed.) Representations of Transnational Human Trafficking: Present-Day News Media, True Crime and Fiction. Palgrave Pivot. Available Online <https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-78214-0>

2018. A Labovian Approach to Poe, in L. Barone and A. Amendola (eds) Edgar Allan Poe Across Disciplines, Genres and Languages. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 25-36.

2014. The Linguistic Levels of Foregrounding in Stylistics, in M. Burke (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Stylistics. London: Routledge, pp. 87-100.

2014. Voice. In P. Stockwell and S. Whiteley (eds) The Cambridge Handbook of Stylistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 165-77.

with Troullinou, P. 2012. Scanning Bodies, Stripping Rights? In C. Gregoriou (ed.) Constructing Crime: Discourse and Cultural Representations of Crime and ‘Deviance’. Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp. 19-33.

2011. The Poetics of Deviance in The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time, in M. Effron (ed.) The Millennial Detective: Essays on Trends in Crime Fiction, Film and Television, 1990-2010. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland, pp. 97-111. [with an extract reprinted in Novels for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context and Criticism on Commonly Studied Novels, 2018, Volume 57, published by Gale].

2007. The Stylistics of True Crime: Mapping the Minds of Serial Killers, in M. Lambrou, and P. Stockwell (eds) Contemporary Stylistics. London: Continuum, pp. 32-42. [and translated in Croatian, in an academic site dedicated to stylistics: see http://stilistika.org/stiloteka/rasprave/stil-i-zlocin/141-stilistika-istinitog-zlocina-mapiranje-umova-serijskih-ubojica]

2002. Samarakis in Search of Hope; A Labovian Analysis of Antonis Samarakis’s ‘Hope Wanted’ with a Focus on ‘Evaluation’, in S. Czabi and J. Zerkowitz (eds) Textual Secrets; The Message of the Medium; Proceedings of the 21st PALA Conference . Budapest: Akademiai Nyomba, pp. 302-7.


2017. Review of Margaret Atwood: Crime Fiction Writer; The Reworking of a Popular Genre by Jacki Shead. Modern Language Review, 112 (2): 504-5.

2015. Review of Miller and Oakley's (eds) 'Cross-Cultural Connections in Crime Fiction', Modern Language Review, 110 (1): 230-1.

2013. Review of Baker's 'Speaking of Murder', in Babel 3: 51.

2011. Review of Seal's 'Women, murder and femininity: Gender representations of women who kill', Journal of Gender Studies 20 (2): 202-4.

2006. On the Poetics of Crime Fiction. IASL Online <http://iasl.uni-muenchen.de/rezensio/liste/gregoriou.html> (review)


2017. PaCCS Policy Brief: The representation of transnational human trafficking in present-day news media, true crime and fiction. [Online]. Leeds: PaCCS. [Accessed 13 February 2018]. Available from: http://www.paccsresearch.org.uk/policy-briefings/transnational-human-trafficking/

with Troullinou, P. 2011. Scanning Bodies, Stripping Rights? The World Today. August 2011, pp. 10-12. Available at <http://www.ihavenet.com/World-United-States-September-11th-Scanning-Bodies-Stripping-Rights-World-Today.html>

2009. Research-led Language Teaching: Designing a new ‘Language and Style of Crime Narratives’ Module.  English Subject Centre: Case studies archive. <http://www.english.heacademy.ac.uk/explore/publications/casestudies/crime/index.php>