International Medieval Research 13

Front cover, IMR 13 - Click to enlarge
Exile in the Middle Ages
Edited by Laura Napran and Elisabeth van Houts

Exile in the Middle Ages took many different forms. As a literary theme it has received much scholarly attention in the Latin, Greek and vernacular traditions. The historical and legal phenomenon of exile is relatively unexplored territory. In the secular world, it usually meant banishment of a person by a higher authority for political reasons, resulting in the exile leaving home for a shorter or longer period. Sometimes an exile did not wait to be expelled but left of his or her own accord. Leaving home to go on pilgrimage, or, in the case of women to marry, could be experienced as a form of spiritual (permanent) exile from the secular world. Excommunication was a punishment exercised by the Church authorities in order to eject persons (often only temporarily) from the community of Christians. Banishment as a form of social punishment is therefore the central theme of this volume on Exile in the Middle Ages. The book covers the period of the central Middle Ages from ca. 900 to ca. 1300 in Western Europe, though some chapters have a wider remit. The genesis of the volume was a series of presentations delivered at the Leeds International Medieval Congress in 2002, which was devoted to the theme of Exile.

Articles in this volume include:

  • The Vocabulary of Exile and Outlawry in the North Sea Area around the First Millenium, by Elisabeth van Houts
  • The Process of Norman Exile into Southern Italy, by Ewan Johnson
  • Gruffudd ap Cynan and the Reality and Representation of Exile, by C.P. Lewis
  • Like Joseph in Egypt? Exile Experiences of Royal Women, by Miriam Shergold
  • Marriage and Excommunication: The Comital House of Flanders, by Laura Napran
  • The Concept of peregrinatio in Saint Augustine and its Influences, by Manuela Brito-Martins
  • Exile, Sanctity, and Some Scandinavian Rulers of the Late Viking Age, by Haki Antonsson
  • 'The English Exile of Archbishop Øystein of Nidaros (1180-83), by Anne J. Duggan
  • Expulsio, Proscriptio, Exilium: Exile and Friendship in the Writings of Osbert of Clare, by Brian Briggs
  • Exclusion as Exile: Spiritual Punishment and Physical Illness in Normandy c. 1050 - 1300, by Leonie Hicks
  • Exile in the Lives of Anselm and Thomas Becket, by Michael Staunton
  • Exile in the Life and Correspondence of John of Salisbury, by Lynsey Robertson
  • Exile and Peace: Saint Arnulf of Oudenburg, Bishop of Soissons (d. 1087), by Renée Nip
  • Arnold of Brescia in Exile: April 1139 to December 1143 - His Role as a Reforrmer, Reviewed, by Romedio Schmitz-Esser