International Medieval Research 15

Front cover, IMR 15 - Click to enlarge
Languages of Love and Hate: Conflict, Communication, and Identity in the Medieval Mediterranean
Edited by Sarah Lambert and Helen Nicholson

This book probes the nature of the clash of cultures as a process of identification and classification of the unknown. 'There is no world of thought that is not a world of language and one sees of the world only what is provided for by language' (Walter Benjamin, 1936). In the medieval Medierranean, cultural groups were frequently labelled, fixed, and identified by language, and these linguistic groupings were consistently in states of conflict and/or exchange. This collection explores various expressions of cultural clash and exchange, and examines some of the ways in which language was used to express difference, to mark out cultural difference, and to further label those cultures - often as alien and inferior, but sometimes as different and worthy of respect. This theme unites scholars working from a range of perspectives and engaging with a whole series of cultural interchanges and conflicts. It brings together research on a wide range of peoples - Latins, Byzantines, Muslims, and Jews - commenting on and writing about each other, as well as a variety of different genres, from theology to farce. This volume seeks to offer a broad and wide-ranging approach to understanding the world at the time of the crusades through the words of participants and observers.

Papers in this volume include:

  • Tolerated Otherness: The 'Unconverted' Saracen in the Chansons de geste, by Marianne Ailes
  • Love in a Hot Climate: Gender Relations in Florent et Octavien, by Helen J. Nicholson
  • 'Pagans' and 'Others' in the Chanson de Jérusalem, by Susan B. Edgington
  • Crusaders in a Hall of Mirrors: The Portrayal of Saracens in Robert the Monk's Historia Iherosolimitana, by Carol Sweetenham
  • Translation, Citation, and Ridicule: Renart the Fox and Crusading in the Vernacular, by Sarah Lambert
  • Eyeing up Eunuchs: Western Perceptions of Byzantine Cultural Difference, by Shaun Tougher
  • Collusion with the Infidel as a Pretext for Western Military Action Against Byzantium (1180 - 1204), by Jonathan Harris
  • Greeks and Latins at the Time of the Fourth Crusade: Patriarch John X Kamateros and a Troubadour Tenso, by Linda Paterson
  • Greeks and Franks After the Fourth Crusade: Identity in the Chronicle of Morea, by Teresa Shawcross
  • 'Catholics' in the Byzantine Political Elite: The Case of Demetrius Kydones, by Judith R. Ryder
  • Mamluks and Crusaders: Architectural Appropriation and Cultural Encounter in Mamluk Monuments, by Karen Rose Matthews
  • Modes of Literary Behaviour in Christian-Islamic Encounters in the Iberian Peninsula: Pseudo-Turpin versus Peter the Venerable, by Matthias M. Tischler
  • Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada and his Historia Arabum: An Extraordinary Example of Inter-cultural Tolerance?, by Matthias Maser
  • Integration or Exclusion of Judaism in the Later Middle Ages? The Apologetic Strategies of Ramón Llull, by Wolfdram Drews