Reference for Typical Applications

[1] P.J. Holden, M. Wang, R. Mann, F.J. Dickin and R.B. Edwards, “Imaging stirred-vessel macromixing using electrical resistance tomography,” *AIChE J.,* vol. 44(4), pp. 780-790, 1998.

[2] R. Mann, F.J. Dickin, M. Wang, T. Dyakowski, R.A. Williams, R.B. Edwards, A.E. Forrest and P.J. Holden, “Application of electrical resistance tomography to interrogate mixing processes at plant scale”, *Chem. Eng. Sci*., vol. 52, pp. 2087-2097, 1997.

[3] G.T. Bolton, C.H. Qiu and M. Wang, “A novel electrical tomography sensor for monitoring the phase distribution in industrial reactors,” in: *Proc. of the 7th UK Conf. - Fluid Mixing*, July 10-11, 2002, Bradford, UK.

[4] M. Wang and W. Yin, “Measurements of the concentration and velocity distribution in miscible liquid mixing using electrical resistance tomography,” *Chem. Eng. Res. Des*., vol. 79 (Part A), pp. 883-886, 2001.

[5] B.S. Hoyle, “A schema for generic process tomography sensors,” *IEEE Sens.*, vol. 5(2), pp. 117-124, Apr 2005.

[6] Q. Marashdeh, L-S. Fan, B. Du and W. Warsito, “Electrical capacitance tomography - a perspective,” *Ind. Eng. Chem. Res*., vol. 47, pp. 3708-3719, 2008.

[7] W. Warsito and L-S. Fan, “Dynamics of spiral bubble plume motion in the entrance region of bubble columns and three-phase fluidized beds using 3D ECT,” *Chem. Eng. Sci*., vol. 60, pp. 6073-6084, 2005.

[8] R.A. Williams, X. Jia, R.M. West, M. Wang, J.C. Cullivan, J.Bond, I. Faulks, T. Dyakowski, S.J. Wang, N. Climpson, J.A. Kostuch and D. Payton, “Industrial monitoring of hydrocyclone operation using electrical resistance tomography,” *Minerals Engineering, *vol. 12 (10), pp. 1245-1252, 1999.

[9] B.D. Grieve, T. Dyakowski T, R. Mann and M. Wang, “Interfacing of EIT into an industrial pressure filter: a practical example,” in: *Proc. of the 1st World Congress on Ind. Proc. Tomogr.*, Buxton, UK, April 14-17, 1999.

[10] D. Vlaev, M. Wang, T. Dyakowski, R. Mann R and B.D. Grieve, “Detecting filter cake pathologies in solid-liquid filtration: semi-tech scale demonstration using electrical resistance tomography,” *Chem. Eng. J*., vol. 77, pp. 87-92, 2000.

[11] B.D. Grieve, Q. Smit, R. Mann and T.A. York, “The application of electrical resistance tomography to a large volume production pressure filter,” in: *Proc. of the 2nd World Congress on Ind. Proc. Tomogr.*, Hannover, Germany, Aug. 29-31, 2001.

[12] J.L. Davidson, L.S. Ruffino, D.R. Stephenson, R. Mann, B.D. Grieve and T.A. York, “Three-dimensional electrical impedance tomography applied to a metal-walled filtration test platform,” *Meas. Sci. & Tech*., vol. 15, pp. 2263-2274, 2004.

[13] R. Mann, S.J. Stanley, D. Vlaev, E. Wabo and K. Primrose, “Augmented-reality visualisation of fluid mixing in stirred chemical reactors using electrical resistance tomography (ERT),” *SPIE J Electron. Imag.*, vol. 10, pp. 620-629, 2001.

[14] R.A. Williams, X. Jia, R.M. West and K.J. Roberts, “On-line measurement of solids distribution in stirred tanks and crystallisers using electrical computed tomography,” in: *International Conf. on Mixing and Crystallization*, Tioman, Malaysia, 1998.

[15] R. Mann, “Electrical process tomography: seeing "without eyes" inside stirred vessels,” *Jnl. of Zhejiang University SCIENCE*, vol. 6A (12), pp. 1379-1385, 2005.

[16] S.J. Stanley, H. Hristov, R. Mann and K. Primrose, “On reconciling tomographic measurements with a fluid mixing model for semi-batch operation of a stirred vessel,” *Can.** J. Chem. Eng*., vol. 83, 1-7, 2005.

[17] F.J. Dickin and M. Wang, “Electrical resistance tomography for process applications,” *Meas. Sci. Technol*., vol. 7, pp. 247-260, 1996.

[18] P.J. Holden, M. Wang, R. Mann, F.J. Dickin and R.B. Edwards, “On detecting mixing pathologies inside a stirred vessel using electrical resistance tomography (ERT),” *Trans IChemE*, vol. 77(A), pp. 709-712, 1999.

[19] P.J. Holden, M. Wang, R. Mann, F.J. Dickin and R.B. Edwards, “Imaging stirred-vessel macromixing using electrical resistance tomography,” *AIChE J.,* vol. 44(4), pp. 780-790, 1998.

[20] M. Wang, A. Dorwood, D. Vlaev, R. Mann, “Measurements of gas-liquid mixing in a stirred vessel using electrical resistance tomography,” *Chem. Eng. Sci*., vol. 77, 93-98, 2000.

[21] S.J. Stanley, R. Mann and K. Primrose, “Tomographic imaging of fluid mixing in three dimensions for single-feed semi-batch operation of a stirred vessel,” *Chem. Eng. Res. Des.*, vol. 80 (8), pp. 903-909, 2002.

[22-18] G.P. Lucas, J. Cory, R.C. Waterfall, W.W. Loh and F.J. Dickin, “Measurement of the solids volume fraction and velocity distributions in solids-liquid flows using dual-plane electrical resistance tomography,” *Flow Meas. & Inst.*, vol. 10, pp. 249-258, 1999.

[23] S. Duncan, “Using process tomography as a sensor in a system for controlling concentration in fluid flow,” in: *Proc 2nd World Congress of Proc. Tomogr.*, Hannover, Germany, 2001, pp. 378-386.

[24] M. Wang, T.F. Jones and R.A. Williams, “Visualisation of asymmetric solids distribution in horizontal swirling flows using electrical resistance tomography,” *Trans IChemE*, vol. 81, Part A, pp. 854-861, 2003.

[25] H. Li, M. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Ma and R.A. Williams, “Measurement of oil volume fraction and velocity distributions in vertical oil-in-water flows using ERT and a local probe,” *J. of Zhejiang University SCIENCE*, vol. 6A (12), pp. 1412-1415, 2005.

[26] G.P. Lucas, R. Mishra, N. Panayotopoulos, “Power law approximations to gas volume fraction and velocity profiles in low void fraction vertical gas-liquid flows,” *Flow Meas. & Inst.*, vol. 15, pp. 271-283, 2004.

[27] A.J. Jaworski and T. Dyakowski, “Application of electrical capacitance tomography for measurement of gas-solid flow characteristics in a pneumatic conveying system,” *Meas. Sci. & Tech.*, vol. 12, pp. 1109-1119, 2001.

[28] T. Dyakowski, R.B. Edwards, C.G. Xie and R.A.Williams, “Application of capacitance tomography to gas-solid flows,” *Chem. Eng. Sci.*, vol. 52(13), pp. 2099-2110, 1997.

[29] R. Hurry, M. Wang, R.A. Williams and C. Cross, “An electrical impedance sensing system for monitoring hydraulic flow transport in heap leach test columns,” in: *5**th World Congress on Ind. Proc. Tomogr.*, Bergen, Norway, 2007.

[30] M. Wang, X. Jia, M. Bennett and R.A. Williams, “Flow regime identification and optimum interfacial area control of bubble columns using electrical impedance imaging,” in: *Proc. of the 2nd World Congress on Ind. Proc. Tomogr.*, VCIPT, 2001, pp. 726-734.

[31] D.F. Rucker, A. Schindler, M.T. Levitt and D.R. Glaser, “Three-dimensional electrical resistivity imaging of a gold heap,” *Hydrometallurgy*, vol. 98, pp. 267-275, 2009.

[32] M. Wang, X. Jia, M. Bennett and R.A. Williams, “Flow regime identification and optimum interfacial area control of bubble columns using electrical impedance imaging,” in: *Proc. of the 2nd World Congress on Ind. Proc. Tomogr.*, VCIPT, 2001, pp. 726-734.

[33] M. Wang, X. Jia and R.A. Williams, “Electrical tomographic imaging for bubble column measurement and control,” In: *Proc. of SPIE*., eds. H. McCannand D.M. Scott, vol. 4188, Bellingham, WA, pp. 114-121, 2001.

[34] G.T. Bolton, C.H. Qiu and M. Wang, “A novel electrical tomography sensor for monitoring the phase distribution in industrial reactors,” in: *Proc. of the 7th UK Conf. - Fluid Mixing*, July 10-11, 2002, Bradford, UK.

[35] F. Ricard, C. Brechtelsbauer, C. Lawrence, Y. Xu and A. Pannier, “Application of electrical resistance tomography to pharmaceutical processes,” *Can.** J. Chem. Eng*., vol. 83(1), pp. 11-18, 2005.

[36] T. Dyakowski, T. York, M. Mikos, D. Valev, R. Mann, G. Follows, A. Boxman and M. Wilson, “Imaging nylon polymerisation processes by applying electrical tomography,” *Chem. Eng. J.*, vol. 77, pp. 105-109, 2000.

[37] G.T. Bolton and K.M. Primrose, “An overview of electrical tomographic measurements in pharmaceutical and related application areas,” *AAPS PharmSciTech*., vol. 6 (2), Article 21, pp. 137-143, 2005.